Measuring and Valuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation
OUP Oxford, Jan 11, 2007 - Business & Economics - 344 pages
There are not enough resources in health care systems around the world to fund all technically feasible and potentially beneficial health care interventions. Difficult choices have to be made, and economic evaluation offers a systematic and transparent process for informing such choices. A key component of economic evaluation is how to value the benefits of health care in a way that permits comparison between health care interventions. In addition, the establishment of the NationalInstitute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and similar bodies around the world which require cost-effectiveness evidence to be in the form of incremental cost per QALY has resulted in an explosion of theoretical and empirical work in the field. This is the first comprehensive textbookconcerning the measurement and valuation of health benefits for economic evaluation, an area which continues to be a major source of debate.The books addresses the key questions in the measurement and valuation of health, including: the definition of health, the techniques of valuation, who should provide the values, techniques for modelling health state values, the appropriateness of tools in children and vulnerable groups, cross cultural issues, and the problem of choosing the right instrument. The book concludes with a discussion of the way forward in light of the substantial methodological differences, the role of normativejudgements, and where further research is most likely to take this fascinating component of health economics.
What people are saying - Write a review
1 The purpose and scope of this book
2 Introduction to the measurement and valuation of health
what should be valued?
4 Describing health
5 Valuing health
6 Modelling health state valuation data
7 Using ordinal data to estimate cardinal valuations
generic preferencebased measures of health and the alternatives
Other editions - View all
activities alternative analysis approach AQLQ AQoL asked assessment benefits Brazier cent chance Chapter clinical trials compared comparison Compute condition condition-specific cost per QALY cost-effectiveness DALYs described descriptive system developed dimensions disability discrete choice disease distribution Dolan economic evaluation effect estimate Euroqol example Feeny full health green card Health Economics health limits health state descriptive health state values health status measures Health Utilities Index health-related quality HUI2 HUI3 impact individual instrument intervention interview Journal mean measures of health methods multiattribute ordinal pain patients population preference elicitation preference-based measures problems programmes psychometric quality-adjusted questionnaire ranking Research respondents sample scale scores social standard gamble survey tion Torrance Torrance GW trade-off treatment Tsuchiya TTO values University of Sheffield validity valuation of health valuing health variables variants vignettes visual analogue scale weights well-being World Health Organization