Meat-Eating and Human Evolution

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Craig B. Stanford, Henry T. Bunn
Oxford University Press, Jun 14, 2001 - Social Science - 384 pages
When, why, and how early humans began to eat meat are three of the most fundamental unresolved questions in the study of human origins. Before 2.5 million years ago the presence and importance of meat in the hominid diet is unknown. After stone tools appear in the fossil record it seems clear that meat was eaten in increasing quantities, but whether it was obtained through hunting or scavenging remains a topic of intense debate. This book takes a novel and strongly interdisciplinary approach to the role of meat in the early hominid diet, inviting well-known researchers who study the human fossil record, modern hunter-gatherers, and nonhuman primates to contribute chapters to a volume that integrates these three perspectives. Stanford's research has been on the ecology of hunting by wild chimpanzees. Bunn is an archaeologist who has worked on both the fossil record and modern foraging people. This will be a reconsideration of the role of hunting, scavenging, and the uses of meat in light of recent data and modern evolutionary theory. There is currently no other book, nor has there ever been, that occupies the niche this book will create for itself.
 

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Contents

MeatEating and the Fossil Record
11
Henry Bunn American Section Museum of Archaeology
30
Taphonomy of the Swartkrans Hominid Postcrania and Its Bearing
33
Modeling the Edible Landscape
73
A Review of Past
101
A Comparison of Social MeatForaging by Chimpanzees
122
Insights from Neotropical
141
Primate Insectivory and Early Human Diet
160
Big Game Ownership
219
An Archaeological Case
237
Mutualistic Hunting
261
Comparative Evidence Models
279
The Evolutionary Consequences of Increased Carnivory
305
Neonate Body Size and Hominid Carnivory
332
Research Trajectories on Hominid MeatEating
350
Index
361

MeatEating by the Fourth African Ape 1 79
179
Hunting Power Scavenging and Butchering by Hadza Foragers
199

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