Mechanics and Meaning in Architecture

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U of Minnesota Press, 2001 - Architecture - 207 pages
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In Mechanics and Meaning in Architecture, Lance LaVine shows that in architecture, as practiced and taught today, the technological aspect of the profession -- how weight is distributed, how heat flow is regulated, and how light is permitted to enter -- has been ceded to engineers and other technical specialists. And in doing so, he argues, architects have lost sight of one of architecture's most important purposes, that of providing a literal and figurative window onto the world.

As a technology of habitation, architecture should give people both a practical and a metaphorical understanding of their relationship with nature. For LaVine, this knowledge emanates from a sensual understanding of the natural world as a "felt force". At its most basic level, architecture demands an understanding of and response to the natural forces of gravity, climate, and sunlight. At the center of Mechanics and Meaning in Architecture are case studies of four very different houses: a Finnish log farmhouse from the nineteenth century; Charles Moore's house in Orinda, California; Tadao Ando's Wall House in Japan; and Le Corbusier's Villa Savoye near Paris. Through his imaginative readings of structures, LaVine highlights how the architects involved have used the oldest and most fundamental architectural technologies -- walls, floors, ceilings, columns, beams, and windows -- in ways that offer creative responses to the natural world and humanity's place in it.

Clearly, architects are comfortable with the practical and aesthetic components of their profession. With this book, Lance LaVine encourages them also to understand what makes their use of technology unique and essential, and to reclaim the naturalworld for meaningful interpretation in their design of buildings.

 

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Contents

A Technology of Habitation
1
Architectures Loss of a Distinct Technological Voice
15
Mending the Rift TwentiethCentury Attempts to Reconcile Mechanics and Meaning
38
The Map and the Territory
61
Finnish Log Farmhouse
87
Charles Moore House at Orinda
112
7 Wall House
133
Villa Savoye
153
Metaphorical Technology
176
Select Bibliography
195
Index
199
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About the author (2001)

LaVine is professor of architecture and landscape architecture at the University of Minnesota.

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