Medical Applications of Lasers

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D.R. Vij, K. Mahesh
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 28, 2002 - Technology & Engineering - 375 pages
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A careful review of the literature covering various aspects of applications of lasers in science and technology reveals that lasers are being applied very widely throughout the entire gamut of physical medicine. After surveying the current developments taking place in the field of medical applications of lasers, it was considered appropriate to bring together these efforts of international research scientists and experts into one volume. It is with this aim that the editors have prepared this volume which brings current research and recent developments to the attention of a wide spectrum of readership associated with hospitals, medical institutions and universities world wide, including also the medical instrument industry. Both teachers and students in the medical faculties will especially find this compendium quite useful. This book is comprised of eleven chapters. All of the important medical applications of lasers are featured. The editors have made every effort that individual chapters are self-contained and written by experts. Emphasis has been placed on straight and simple presentation of the subject matter so that even the new entrants into the field will find the book of value.
 

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Contents

ELEMENTS OF LASER EMISSION PROCESS
1
12 COMPONENTS OF A LASER SOURCE
2
13 LASER AMPLIFICATION
4
15 MONOCHROMATICITY
5
16 OPTICAL COHERENCE LENGTH AND TIME
6
17 INTERACTION OF RADIATION WITH ATOMIC SYSTEM
7
18 EINSTEIN TRANSITION COEFFICIENTS
9
19 LIGHT AMPLIFICATION
11
63 LASER TREATMENT OF BLADDER AND URETHRAL TUMORS
204
64 STRICTURE OF URINARY TRACT
210
65 LASER LITHOTRIPSY
215
66 SOME USEFUL LASER DEVICES FOR LITHOTRYPSY
216
67 OTHER USES
219
REFERENCES
222
LASER LITHOTRIPSY
227
72 SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF URINARY STONES
228

110 LASER EFFICIENCY OF A MEDIUM
13
111 LASER GAIN
14
112 OSWITCHED LASER
15
113 RUBY LASER
17
115 LASERS IN MEDICINE
19
BIBLIOGRAPHY
20
LASERTISSUE INTERACTION
21
22 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS OF LASERTISSUE INTERACTION
22
23 OVERVIEW OF LASER PROPAGATION IN TISSUE
26
24 MODELS OF LASERTISSUE PROPAGATION
36
25 MONTE CARLO SIMULATION OF LASERTISSUE INTERACTION
39
26 THERMAL AND MECHANICAL DAMAGE OF TISSUE
46
27 EXAMPLES OF TISSUE PROPERTIES
51
28 SUMMARY
53
Helpful Mathematical Relations
54
REFERENCES
56
LASER OPHTHALMOLOGY
59
33 VISUAL REFRACTIVE ERRORS
65
34 LASER INTERACTION WITH EYE TISSUES
67
35 LASER APPLICATIONS IN OPHTHALMOLOGY DIAGNOSTIC
71
36 LASER APPLICATIONS IN OPHTHALMOLOGY THERAPEUTIC
77
37 LASER APPLICATIONS IN OPHTHALMOLOGY THE FUTURE
82
REFERENCES
86
LASER CARDIOLOGY Part A Laser Therapy and Diagnosis
91
42 LASER DIAGNOSIS
107
REFERENCES PART A
111
PartB Some Case Studies
114
44 LASER VASCULAR ANASTOMOSIS LVA
123
45 LASER ANGIOPLASTY FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
134
REFERENCES Part B
142
LASER TOMOGRAPHY
147
53 LASER SCANNING CONFOCAL MICROSCOPY
164
54 OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY
171
55 SPATIAL SPECKLE CORRELOMETRY
181
56 IMAGING TECHNIQUES BASED ON SPECKLE CONTRAST ANALYSIS
188
REFERENCES
190
LASERS IN UROLOGY
195
73 LASER LITHOTRIPSY
235
74 SUMMARY
249
LASER DERMATOLOGY
257
82 BASIC PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS
259
83 DERMATOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS OF LASERS
264
REFERENCES
284
LASER DENTISTRY
289
93 LASER TREATMENT OF HARD TOOTH SUBSTANCE
292
94 LASER TREATMENT OF SOFT DENTAL TISSUE
302
95 LASERS IN ENDODONTICS
304
REFERENCES
306
LASERS IN GYNAECOLOGY
309
102 LAPAROSCOPYLAPAROTOMY WITH LASERS
311
103 HYSTEROSCOPIC PROCEDURES WITH LASER
318
104 COLPOSCOPY WITH LASERS
320
105 ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUE ART
321
106 FUTURE TRENDS OF LASERS IN GYNAECOLOGY
322
REFERENCES
323
LASER SAFETY IN MEDICINE
327
113 COMMON WAVELENGTHS
329
114 FIBER OPTICS
330
115 LASER TISSUE INTERACTION
332
116 NONBEAM HAZARDS
335
117 PERSONS UNDER RISK
340
119 DUTIES OF A LASER SAFETY OFFICER
341
1110 LASER SAFETY COMMITTEE
342
1112 AUTHORITY FOR LASER PROCEDURES
343
1113 LASER SAFETY IN DIFFERENT SETTINGS
344
1114 LASER SAFETY DEVICES
345
1115 REFLECTIONS
349
1116 ALIGNMENT AIDS
350
1119 LASER INCIDENTS
353
RESOURCE MATERIAL
354
APPENDIX
355
Subject Index
363
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