Medical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey
DIANE Publishing, 1992 - Employee selection - 84 pages
Presents the results of a survey of 1,500 U.S. companies, the 50 largest utilities, and the largest unions. The survey was designed to obtain information about the types of medical monitoring and screening done in the U.S. and the extent of their use. Over 50 charts and tables. Survey instruments included.
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50 largest utilities access to employee answer biochemical genetic screening chemicals or ionizing chest x-rays company policy conducted genetic monitoring corporate health officers corporate personnel officers cost-effective currently cytogenetic monitoring direct-DNA employee health records employees or job employment examinations of job exams excluded exposed to chemicals Fortune 500 genetic susceptibility genetic testing health insurance risk health officers reported Identify Job applicants ionizing radiation known health risks medical criteria medical monitoring monitoring and screening monitoring of employees monitoring or screening Office of Technology officers in companies officers were asked OTA survey oversampled percent of health percent reported percent SOURCE periodic medical testing positive test results preemployment examinations preemployment health examinations preemployment screening pulmonary function tests questionnaire questions release sample screening and monitoring screening or monitoring specific tests survey found susceptibility to workplace Table Technology Assessment testing of employees tions Unweighted base Volunteered response workplace exposures workplace hazards workplace risk workplace settings
Page 43 - THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH). AND THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA) ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING RISK ASSESSMENTS AND PROMULGATING REGULATIONS TO PROTECT WORKERS FROM OVER-EXPOSURES TO HARMFUL AGENTS.
Page 60 - Genetic monitoring involves periodically examining employees to evaluate modifications of their genetic material — eg, chromosomal damage or evidence of increased occurrence of molecular mutations — that might have evolved in the course of employment. The putative cause is workplace exposure to hazardous substances.
Page 60 - Chromosome: A threadlike structure that carries genetic information arranged in a linear sequence. In humans, it consists of a complex of nucleic acids and proteins.
Page 5 - ... defined as 12 years, and in the 1989 survey, as 19 years.) Trend data on the use of genetic monitoring or screening can be obtained by tabulating comparable questions in the 1989 and 1982 surveys. These do not include the previously mentioned items added in 1989. Using this narrow definition, of the 330 companies (62.4 percent) responding to the 1989 survey, 20 health officers reported that their companies had conducted genetic monitoring or screening, either currently or in the past 19 years....