Medical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey

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Presents the results of a survey of 1,500 U.S. companies, the 50 largest utilities, and the largest unions. The survey was designed to obtain information about the types of medical monitoring and screening done in the U.S. and the extent of their use. Over 50 charts and tables. Survey instruments included.
 

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Page 43 - THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH). AND THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA) ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING RISK ASSESSMENTS AND PROMULGATING REGULATIONS TO PROTECT WORKERS FROM OVER-EXPOSURES TO HARMFUL AGENTS.
Page 60 - Genetic monitoring involves periodically examining employees to evaluate modifications of their genetic material — eg, chromosomal damage or evidence of increased occurrence of molecular mutations — that might have evolved in the course of employment. The putative cause is workplace exposure to hazardous substances.
Page 60 - Chromosome: A threadlike structure that carries genetic information arranged in a linear sequence. In humans, it consists of a complex of nucleic acids and proteins.
Page 5 - ... defined as 12 years, and in the 1989 survey, as 19 years.) Trend data on the use of genetic monitoring or screening can be obtained by tabulating comparable questions in the 1989 and 1982 surveys. These do not include the previously mentioned items added in 1989. Using this narrow definition, of the 330 companies (62.4 percent) responding to the 1989 survey, 20 health officers reported that their companies had conducted genetic monitoring or screening, either currently or in the past 19 years....
Page 60 - Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA): The molecule that encodes genetic information. DNA is a double-stranded helix held together by weak bonds between base pairs of nucleotides.

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