Medical statistics: a commonsense approach
John Wiley & Sons Australia, Limited, 1990 - Medical - 172 pages
This best selling book on medical statistics has been updated and expanded to take into account recent developments and trends in the way statistics is taught and used in medicine and has new sections on summarising qualitative data including measures such as number needed to treat, logistic regression, quasi-experimental studies, and cluster randomised trials. It uses real examples taken from current literature and is highly readable and easy-to-use. Written by two experts with wide teaching and consulting experience, the book is designed for medical students and nurses but will also be invaluable to practising doctors wishing to remind themselves of the essentials of statistical design and interpretation.
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allocation analysis Appendix appropriate approximately association binomial distribution blood pressure breast cancer calculated case-control study Chapter clinical trial clinician cohort study comparison confidence interval controls coronary artery disease correlation coefficient corresponding curve degrees of freedom described diabetes diagnostic test difference drug estimate event example exposed exposure ferritin Figure Fisher's exact test gives haemoglobin haemoglobin level histogram individual investigator linear regression measure method mmHg mortality multiple regression Normal distribution notation null hypothesis number of observations number of patients number of subjects obtained odds ratio oral contraceptives outcome p-value P(D+ pairs parameters particular pirenzepine placebo POINTS WHEN READING predictive value prevalence probability proportion random sample randomisation range reference relationship relative risk residuals risk factor sensitivity serum ferritin significance level situations specificity standard deviation standard error statistically significant statistician summarised survival Table T2 test of significance therapy treatment usually women x2 test zero