Medicine Meets Engineering: Proceedings of the 2nd Conference on Applied Biomechanics, Regensburg

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Joachim Hammer, Michael Nerlich, Sebastian Dendorfer
IOS Press, 2008 - Computers - 247 pages
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Biomedical Engineering is defined as the science that integrates medical and engineering sciences to improve diagnosis and treatment of patients. Only by this integration progress can be achieved. Both medical and engineering sciences comprise a huge diversity in topics, so it is imaginable that Biomedical Engineering, combining these two science areas, is even more huge. Thanks to this megadisciplinary approach many breakthroughs can be achieved. More and more research groups realize this and start new research projects, which results in a rapid increase in knowledge in Biomedical Engineering. This will only benefit the main goal of Biomedical Engineering; improving diagnosis and treatment of patients when it is spread and applied. The 2nd Regensburg Applied Biomechanics conference is special in that it realized both the distribution of new knowledge and the essential integration of medical and engineering specialists. The conference dealt with the latest results in applied biomechanics, ranging from fundamental bone strength properties via bone remodeling phenomena to new implants that replace lost human functions. Also new research areas like robot surgery and tissue engineering were discussed.
 

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Contents

Helical Blade Versus Screw
1
Development of a Collagen CalciumPhosphate Scaffold as a Novel Bone Graft Substitute
11
Occlusal Convergence and Strain Distribution on the Axial Surface of Cemented Gold Crowns
21
Influence of the Implantation Technique
33
Evaluation of Biaxial Tension Tests of Soft Tissues
45
Fundamental Mechanisms of Fatigue and Fracture
56
How Do Anisotropy and Age Affect Fatigue and Damage in Cancellous Bone?
68
Wear Analysis and Finishing of Bioceramic Implant Surfaces
75
Biomechanical Analysis of Fracture Healing in GuineaPigs
141
The Behaviour of FatigueInduced Microdamage in Compact Bone Samples from Control and Ovariectomised Sheep
148
Using Robotic Systems in Order to Determine Biomechanical Properties of Soft Tissues
156
MacroScale Tests on Engineered Phantoms
166
Imaging of Tissue Structures and Mechanical Analysis
183
Trabecular Bone Remodeling Phenomenon as a Pattern for Structural Optimization
196
Numerical Human Models for Accident Research and Safety Potentials and Limitations
201
The SINUPROS Model
208

Mechanical Problems in Human Hearing
83
TPeel Test for the Analysis of Articular Cartilage Integration
95
A Pilot Study for Evaluation of Bond Strength of Orthodontic Brackets to Enamel Using a New Impact Test Machine
103
Dynamic Measurement of Intraocular Pressure Using a Mechanical Model of the Human Eye
112
MicroEngineered Remote Palpation Device for Assessing Tissue Compliance
123
Modeling and Simulation of an Intelligent ER Force Element for Rehabilitation of Human Hands
132
Unstable Operators in Image Processing
216
How Good Is It?
221
Bearing of Geometric and Material Properties
230
Bone Quality Issues and Matrix Properties in OP Cancellous Bone
238
Author Index
247
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