Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 15: In Vivo, in Vitro, in Silico : Designing the Next in Medicine

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IOS Press, Jan 1, 2007 - Medical - 528 pages
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Our culture is obsessed with design. Sometimes designers can fuse utility and fantasy to make the mundane apper fresh- a cosmetic repackaging of the same old thing. Because of this, medicine- grounded in the unforgiving realities of the sscientific method and peer review, and of flesh, blood, and pain- can sometimes cofuse "design" with mere 'prettifying." Design solves real problems, however. This collection of papers underwrites the importance of design for the MMVR community, within three different environments: in vivo, in vitro and in silico. in vivo: we design machines to explore our living bodies. Imaging devices, robots, and sensors move constantly inward, operating within smaller dimensions: system, organ, cell, DNA. in vitro: Using test tubes and Petri dishes, we isolate in vivo to better manipulate and measure biological conditions and reactions. in silico: We step out of the controlled in vitro environment and into a virtual reality. The silica mini-worlds of test tubes and Petri dishes are translated into mini-worlds contained within silicon chips. The future of medicine remains within all three environments: in vivo, in vitro, and in silico. Design is what makes these pieces fit together-the biological, the informational, the physical/material-into something new and more useful.
 

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Contents

Burrhole Simulation for an Intracranial Hematoma Simulator
1
Cranial Implant Design Using Augmented Reality Immersive System
7
SOFA An Open Source Framework for Medical Simulation
13
Integrated Lower Extremity Trauma Simulator
19
Data Acquisition and Development of a Trocar Insertion Simulator Using Synthetic Tissue Models
25
Centralized Data Recording for a Distributed Surgical Skills Trainer to Facilitate Automated Proficiency Evaluation
28
Precise Determination of Regions of Interest for Hepatic RFA Planning
31
Virtual Reality and Haptic Interface for Cellular Injection Simulation
37
Progressive Update Approach to RealTime Cutting of Finite Element Models in Surgical Simulation
271
Towards an Immersive Virtual Environment for Medical Team Training
274
Haptic Rendering of Device and Patient Impedances in CatheterBased Simulation
280
Collaborative Virtual Desktop as Decision Support System for Surgical Planning
283
Low Cost Eye Surgery Simulator with Skill Assessment Component
286
Computer Simulation of Corticospinal Activity During Transcranial Electrical Stimulation in Neurosurgery
292
An Overview of 3D Video Transmission and Display Technologies for Telemedicine Applications
298
RealTime Image Mosaicing for Medical Applications
304

The Structure of the Radial Pulse A Novel Noninvasive Ambulatory Blood Pressure Device
40
A 6DOF Gravity Compensation Scheme for a Phantom Premium Using a Neural Network
43
Learning with the Mobile Telementoring Intubating Video Laryngoscope
49
Efficient Modelling of Soft Tissue Using Particle Systems
55
Requirement Specification for Surgical Simulation Systems with Surgical Workflows
58
3D Visualization and Open Planning Platform in Virtual Fluoroscopy
64
IntraOperative Registration for Image Enhanced Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Using PhotoConsistency
67
Evaluating Enhanced Volume Rendering Visualization of Cerebral Aneurysms
73
Skills Acquired on Virtual Reality Laparoscopic Simulators Transfer into the Operating Room in a Blinded Randomised Controlled Trial
76
Implementing Virtual Worlds for Systematic Training of Prehospital CPR in Medical School
82
Feasibility of Using IntraoperativelyAcquired Quantitative Kinematic Measures to Monitor Development of Laparoscopic Skill
85
Parametric Eye Models
91
RealTime Smoke and Bleeding Simulation in Virtual Surgery
94
Modeling Isotropic Organs Using Beam Models for the Haptic Simulation of Blunt Dissections
100
Determination of Key and Driving Points of a Beam Model for Tissue Simulation
106
CIELab and sRGB Color Values of in vivo Normal and Grasped Porcine Liver
109
A Scalable Intermediate Representation for Remote Interaction with Soft Tissues
112
PhysicsBased Stereoscopic Suturing Simulation with Force Feedback and Continuous Multipoint Interactions for Training on the da Vinci Surgical S...
115
A WebBased Teamwork Skills Training Program for Emergency Medical Teams
121
Virtual Reality for Robotic Laparoscopic Surgical Training
127
Validation System of MR Image Overlay and Other Needle Insertion Techniques
130
Ultrasound and Needle Insertion Simulators Built on Real PatientBased Data
136
Use of a Virtual Human Performance Laboratory to Improve Integration of Mathematics and Biology in Sports Science Curricula in Sweden and the ...
140
In Vitro SkinTissue Experiment for Increased Realism in Open Surgery Simulations
143
Game Design in Virtual Reality Systems for Stroke Rehabilitation
146
A MultiModality System for Simulation and Training in Minimally Invasive Surgery
149
The Effect of Degree of Immersion Upon Learning Performance in Virtual Reality Simulations for Medical Education
155
Experiences of Using the EndoAssistRobot in Surgery
161
Comprehensive 3D Visual Simulation for Radiation Therapy Planning
164
Haptic Interface Module for Hysteroscopy Simulator System
167
Comparative Visualization of Human Nasal Airflows
170
A Blending Technique for Enhanced Depth Perception in Medical XRay Vision Applications
176
Surgery on the Lateral Skull Base with the Navigated Controlled Drill Employed for a Mastoidectomy Pre Clinical Evaluation
179
Localized Virtual Patient Model for Regional Anesthesia Simulation Training System
185
The Perception of Friction
191
An Interactive Cognitive Simulation of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
194
A Stable Cutting Method for Finite Elements Based Virtual Surgery Simulation
200
Visualization of LargeScale Confocal Data Using Computer Cluster
206
A HapticEnabled Toolkit for Illustration of Procedures in Surgery TIPS
209
NonClinical Evaluation of the KAISTEwha Colonoscopy Simulator II
214
A Pneumatic Haptic Feedback Actuator Array for Robotic Surgery or Simulation
217
Virtual SimulationEnhanced Triage Training for Iraqi Medical Personnel
223
Training and Assessment of Procedural Skills in Context Using an Integrated Procedural Performance Instrument IPPI
229
RealTime MarkerBased Tracking of a NonRigid Object
232
A New ForceBased Objective Assessment of Technical Skills in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
235
A Proposal of Speculative Operation on Distributed System for FEMBased Ablation Simulator
238
Tissue Resection Using Delayed Updates in a Tetrahedral Mesh
241
Organ Exclusion Simulation with MultiFinger Haptic Interaction for Open Surgery Simulator
244
SemiAutomatic Development of Optimized Surgical Simulator with Surgical Manuals
250
Avatars Alive The Integration of Physiology Models and Computer Generated Avatars in a Multiplayer Online Simulation
256
Evaluation of a SimulationBased Program for Medic Cognitive Skills Training
259
Human Factors Engineering for Designing the Next in Medicine
262
Invivo Validation of a Stent Implantation Numerical Model
265
An Application to Visualization of Nerve Cells Injuries
310
Telesurgery via Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UAV with a Field Deployable Surgical Robot
313
Application of Hidden Markov Modeling to Objective Medical Skill Evaluation
316
Manual Registration of Ultrasound with CTPlanning Data for Hepatic Surgery
319
2D Ultrasound Augmented by Virtual Tools for Guidance of Interventional Procedures
322
Smooth Haptic Interaction from Discontinuous Simulation Data
328
Cybertherapy New Applications for Discomfort Reductions
334
Preliminary Results
337
Development of an Interactive Module to Enhance and Understand Cavity Navigation
340
Engineering for Surgeons Needs
343
A UserFriendly Interface for Surgeons to Create Haptic Effects in Medical Simulation
349
Modeling and Rendering for a Virtual Bone Surgery System
352
A Serious GamingImmersion Environment to Teach Clinical Cancer Genetics
355
Surgical Scissors Extension Adds the 7th Axis of Force Feedback to the Freedom 6S
361
An Adaptive Framework Using ClusterBased Hybrid Architecture for Enhancing Collaboration in Surgical Simulation
367
From Simulations to Automated Tutoring
373
HapticsConstrained Motion for Surgical Intervention
379
Development of a Guiding Endoscopy Simulator
385
A Novel Approach for Training of Surgical Procedures Based on Visualization and Annotation of Behavioural Parameters in Simulators
388
An OpenSource Virtual Reality Platform for Clinical Psychology and Behavioral Neurosciences
394
Rationale and a Preliminary Research
400
The Advantage of Portable AudioVideo Support
406
Employing Graphics Hardware for an Interactive Exploration of the Airflow in the Human Nasal Cavity
409
Task Sequencing Effects for Open and Closed Loop Laparoscopic Skills
412
Evaluating ToolArtery Interaction Force During Endovascular Neurosurgery for Developing Haptic Engine
418
Validating Metrics for a Mastoidectomy Simulator
421
Evaluating Drilling and Suctioning Technique in a Mastoidectomy Simulator
427
Patient Specific Simulation and Navigation of Ventriculoscopic Interventions
433
Developing Performance Criteria for the ePelvis Simulator Using Visual Analysis
436
Immersive Virtual Anatomy Course Using a Cluster of Volume Visualization Machines and Passive Stereo
439
Obtaining Models Suitable for Surgical Simulation
445
Virtual Open Heart Surgery Segmentation
448
A VirtualReality Approach for the Treatment of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
451
New Development and Results
454
Design of the NextGeneration Medical Implants with Communication and Energy Ports
457
Development of a Surgical Robot System for Endovascular Surgery with Augmented Reality Function
460
Surgery Simulation Using PatientSpecific Models for Laparoscopic Colectomy
464
Development and Evaluation of a Virtual Intensive Therapy Unit VITU
467
Low Fidelity Simulation of Temporal Bone Drilling Leads to Improved But SubOptimal Outcomes
470
Objective Surgical Performance Assessment for Virtual Hysteroscopy
473
CPU or GPU?
479
Device Connectivity for ImageGuided Medical Applications
482
An Opportunity for Augmented Reality Guidance
485
Immersive Visualization with Automated Collision Detection for Radiotherapy Treatment Planning
491
Obstacle Crossing in a Virtual Environment with the Rehabilitation Gait Robot LOKOMAT
497
GPUFriendly Marching Cubes for Visualizing Translucent Isosurfaces
500
Can We Remember Stiffness?
503
Task Design Clinical Experiment and Visualization on Performance and Progress
506
Clinical Evaluation of the KAISTEwha Colonoscopy Simulator II
512
Virtual Worlds for Teaching the New CPR to High School Students
515
Towards an Understanding of Conventional Surgical Haptics for Use in MIS
520
Author Index
523
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