Meeting the mycotoxin menace

Front Cover
D. Barug, H. van Egmond, R. Lopez-Garcia, T. van Osenbruggen, A. Visconti
Wageningen Academic Publishers, Jan 6, 2004 - Technology & Engineering - 320 pages
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites of moulds belonging essentially to the Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Fusarium genera. They can be produced on a wide range of agricultural commodities and under a diverse range of situations. Due to their various toxic effects and their good thermal stability, the presence of mycotoxins in foods and feeds is potentially hazardous to the health of both humans and animals. Mycotoxins may cause damage to e.g. liver, kidney or the nervous system, some are even carcinogenic. There is growing concern for ways in which these fungi and their mycotoxins can be prevented from entering the human and animal food chain. And worldwide changes in legislation ever increase the need for more precise and sensitive mycotoxin analytical methods. 'Meeting the mycotoxin menace' contains the peer-reviewed papers of the second World Mycotoxin Forum held 17-18 February 2003 in Noordwijk, the Netherlands. The book focuses on the various aspects related to the presence, prevention, control, sampling and analysis of mycotoxins in agricultural commodities, foods and feeds. In this publication special attention is given to new developments in this field. The editors firmly believe that the very nature of the themes chosen and the excellence of the papers by invited experts from various disciplines will draw an audience from both the food and feed industry, regulatory authorities and science.
 

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Contents

Foreword
17
Other issues
39
Current issues in South America
49
Technical and organizational approaches
55
Current mycotoxin issues in Australia and Southeast Asia
69
References
78
Mycotoxin issues
84
Introduction
90
Origin certification agreement
190
References
196
31
197
Toxin production potential of moulds isolated from spices
205
Red pepper
211
39
214
Sampling and sample preparation of pistachios
221
40
226

MaizeGibberella ear rot
97
Biotechnological approaches
103
Control of Fusarium and Aspergillus species and associated mycotoxins
113
Maize ears rots
121
the case of ochratoxin A
133
Discussion and conclusions
139
Biocontrol of aflatoxins in peanuts
143
Field studies
149
The implementation of EU controls on imported food
155
Conclusions
161
Commercial processes and the factors that affect mycotoxin
167
Fate of ochratoxin A in cereal processing
174
Peanuts aflatoxin and the U S origin certification program
183
Results and discussion
230
Development of certified reference materials for mycotoxins
237
Conclusions
252
49
260
Conclusions
267
Mycotoxins in the animal production chain
275
The use of a dynamic in vitro model of the gastrointestinal tract
281
Efficacy testing of mycotoxin binders in TIM
288
progress and future prospects
295
Other areas of interest
301
52
307
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