Memorial art, ancient and modern: illustrations and descriptions of the world's most notable examples of cemetery memorials

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Harry A. Bliss, 1912 - Sepulchral monuments - 240 pages
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Page 126 - The general application of the Four Creatures to the Four Evangelists is of much earlier date than the separate and individual application of each symbol, which has varied at different times; that propounded by St. Jerome, in his commentary on Ezekiel, has since his time prevailed universally. Thus, then, 1.
Page 168 - Right in the van, On the red rampart's slippery swell, With heart that beat a charge, he fell Foeward, as fits a man: But the high soul burns on to light men's feet Where death for noble ends makes dying sweet...
Page 128 - The LAMB, in Christian Art, is the peculiar symbol of the Redeemer as the sacrifice without blemish : in this sense it is given as an attribute to John the Baptist. The lamb is also the general emblem of innocence, meekness, modesty ; in this sense it is given to St. Agnes, of whom Massillon said so beautifully, " peu de pudeur, oil il n'ya pas de religion ; peu de religion, ou il n'ya pas de pudeur.
Page 128 - Christ did in our flesh, and relate the precepts which He delivered on the duties to be performed by us while we walk on earth and dwell in the flesh. But St. John soars to heaven as an Eagle, above the clouds of human infirmity, and reveals to us the mysteries of Christ's Godhead, and of the Trinity in Unity, and the felicities of Life Eternal ; and gazes on the Light of Immutable Truth with a keen and steady ken.
Page 128 - Greek letters which express the word Fish form the anagram of the name of Jesus Christ. In this sense we find the fish as a general symbol of the Christian faith upon the sarcophagi of the early Christians; on the tombs of the martyrs in the catacombs; on rings, coins, lamps, and other utensils...
Page 125 - The second type chosen was more poetical, — the four rivers which had their source in Paradise. Representations of this kind, in which the Saviour, figured as a lamb holding the cross, or in his human form, with a lamb near him, stands on an eminence, from which gush four rivers or fountains, are to be met with in the catacombs, on ancient sarcophagi preserved among the Christian relics in the Vatican, and in several old churches constructed between the second and the fifth century. " At what period...
Page 126 - Prophets, — Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel. By the early Oriental Christians, who typified the whole of the Old Testament, the transfer of the emblem to the Four Evangelists seems obvious and easy ; we find it alluded to as early as the second century. The four "Beasts " of corresponding form in the Revelation (chap.
Page 128 - ... early Christians; on the tombs of the martyrs in the Catacombs ; on rings, coins, lamps, and other utensils ; and as an ornament in early Christian architecture. It is usually a dolphin, which among the pagans had also a sacred significance. The passage in the Gospel, " Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men...
Page 128 - Peu de pudeur, ou il n'ya pas de religion ; peu de religion, ou il n'ya pas de pudeur." The PELICAN, tearing open her breast to feed her young with her own blood, was an early symbol of our redemption through Christ. One or both of these emblems are frequently found in ancient crosses and crucifixes ; the lamb at the foot, the pelican at the top, of the cross. .-,. The...

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