Metacognition: Process, Function, and Use

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Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 31, 2002 - Psychology - 281 pages
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New Theory and Data on Metacognitive Monitoring and Control in Different Contexts and by Different Individuals Thomas O. Nelson University ofMary/and. USA This book, divided into several sections (each containing several chapters), is timely in reporting new theory and data that help refine what is already known about metacognition (defined as people's cognitions about their own cognitions). New data are reported about metacognition during learning (especially judgments of learning that occur soon after studying new items) not only in traditionally examined people such as college students but also in children and in Alzheimer patients. Data are also reported about metacognitive monitoring during the reading of text, not only in college students but also in children. The above situations focus on the acquisition of new items from lists or from texts. However, the book also includes a chapter reporting dataaboutmetacognitionduring problem solving. Besides the chapters on monitoring information in anticipation of future performance (sometimes called prospective monitoring), a chapter is included that offers data about the metacognitive monitoring ofthe retrieval of information from memory, where the emphasis is on the accuracy of retrospective confidence judgments not only in adults but also in children. This topic is ofwidespread interest both in traditional domains ofcognitive psychology and in applications to domains such as forensics, where eyewitness reports are crucial tojudicial decisions. The above topics pertain to aspects ofmetacognition involving the monitoringof one's own cognitions.
 

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Contents

Metacognitive Judgments and their Accuracy
1
The Systemic Nature of Metacognitive Experiences
19
Metacognitive Processes at Encoding
35
Comparing Processingbased Stimulusbased and Subjectbased Factors in Metacognition
49
WHAT IS METACOGNITION IN RELATION TO COGNITION?
61
Metacognition in Strategy Selection
63
Feeling of Familiarity
79
Familiarity and the Retrieval of Memory Traces
91
Metacognition Triggered by a Social Aspect of Expertise
153
WHAT CAN NONEXPERTS IN METACOGNITION OFFER TO METACOGNITIVE RESEARCH? What can metacognition offer to them?
169
The Metacognitive Implications of the Implicit Explicit Distinction
171
How Implicit is Implicitly Acquired Knowledge
191
Calibration of Confidence among Eyewitnesses and Earwitnesses
203
Using state of Awareness Judgements to Improve Eyewitness ConfidenceAccuracy Judgements
219
concluding remarks
233
References
239

WHEN AND HOW IS METACOGNITION EFFECTIVE?
103
When is Metacognition Helpful Debilitating or Benign?
105
The Role of Metatextual Knowledge in Text Comprehension
121
An Ecological Approach to Metacognitive Regulation in the Adult
135

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Page 242 - SD (1996). Global matching models of recognition memory: How the models match the data. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 3, 37-60.

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