Metaphor, Nation and the Holocaust: The Concept of the Body Politic

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Routledge, Aug 13, 2010 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 236 pages

This book is the first to provide a cognitive analysis of the function of biological/medical metaphors in National Socialist racist ideology and their background in historical traditions of Western political theory. Its main arguments are that the metaphor of the German nation as a body that needed to be rescued from a deadly poison must be viewed as the conceptual basis rather than a mere propagandistic by-product of Nazi genocidal policies culminating in the Holocaust, and that this metaphor is closely related to the more general metaphor complex of the nation as a human body/person, which is deeply ingrained in Western political thought. The cognitive approach is crucial to understanding the nature and the origins of this metaphor complex because it goes beyond the rhetorical level by analyzing the ideological and practical implications of the conceptual mapping body-state in detail. It provides an innovative perspective on the problem of how the Nazis managed to ‘revive’ a clichéd metaphor tradition to the point where it became a decisive factor in European and world history. Musolff reveals how such a perspective allows us to explain why the body-state metaphor continues to be attractive for use in contemporary political theories.

 

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Contents

List of Tables vii
The Cognitive Import of Metaphor in Nazi Ideology 11
Body Nature and Disease as Political Categories in Mein Kampf 23
The Public Presentation and Reception of AntiSemitic Imagery
Body and Illness Metaphors in
The BodyState Metaphor in the Middle
Concepts of Healing the Body Politic in the Renaissance 99
German Conceptual and Discursive Traditions of the Body Politic
Metaphor in Discourse History 137
Bibliography 179
Index 199

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About the author (2010)

Andreas Musolff is Professor of German at the University of Durham.

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