Method in Ecology: Strategies for Conservation
Cambridge University Press, Sep 30, 1993 - Nature - 328 pages
In this volume, the authors discuss what practical contributions ecology can and can't make in applied science and environmental problem solving. In the first section, they discuss conceptual problems that have often prevented the formulation and evaluation of powerful, precise, general theories, explain why island biogeography is still beset with controversy and examine the ways that science is value laden. In the second section, they describe how ecology can give us specific answers to practical environmental questions posed in individual case studies, and argue for a new way to look at scientific error. A case study using the Florida panther is examined in the light of these findings.
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2 Ecological concepts are problematic
3 Ecological theory is problematic
4 Ecological science is value laden
The logic of case studies
6 Ecology and a new account of rationality
7 Objections to ethical rationality in ecology
The Florida panther
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able accepting analysis appear applications argue arguments associated attempt balance basis believe cause chapter claim concepts conclusions consequences conservation considerations correct corridors criticism decisions determine discussion ecologists ecology economic effects empirical employed environment environmental error ethical evaluate evidence example existing explanation extinction fact Florida panther given grounds habitat harm Hence humans hypotheses important individuals inferences interactions interests island island biogeography land laws least less Likewise loss maintain means method methodological value judgments minimizing models Moreover MVPS natural necessary objectivity organisms particular persistence persons population position possible potential practical precise predictive present preservation principles probably problems protection question rationality reasons require result risk scientiﬁc scientists sense Simberloff situation species stability strategy studies subspecies suggest testing theory tion type-II types typically uncertainty welfare