Methodology for the Human Sciences: Systems of Inquiry
Methodology for the Human Sciences addresses the growing need for a comprehensive textbook that surveys the emerging body of literature on human science research and clearly describes procedures and methods for carrying out new research strategies. It provides an overview of developing methods, describes their commonalities and variations, and contains practical information on how to implement strategies in the field. In it, Donald Polkinghorne calls for a renewal of debate over which methods are appropriate for the study of human beings, proposing that the results of the extensive changes in the philosophy of science since 1960 call for a reexamination of the original issues of this debate.
The book traces the history of the deliberations from Mill and Dilthey to Hempel and logical positivism, examines recently developed systems of inquiry and their importance for the human sciences, and relates these systems to the practical problems of doing research on topics related to human experience. It discusses historical realism, systems and structures, phenomenology and hermeneutics, action theory, and the implications recent systems have for a revised human science methodology.
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The Original Debate
The Received View of Science
Systems and Structures
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activity analysis apodictic approach argument basic behavior believed causal certainty concept consciousness context deductive system deﬁned deﬁnition described developed Dilthey discourse empirical empiricism example experience explanation expressions ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst function Hempel hermeneutic historical human action human phenomena human realm human science humanistic psychology hypothesis Ibid individual inductive inference inﬂuenced interaction interpretation investigation kind knowledge claims language game laws linguistic logical positivism logical positivists meaning mental events method methodology notion objects observation one’s organizing particular patterns Paul Ricoeur Peirce perception person phenomenological philosophy of science physical sciences position positivists postpositivist problem proposed psychology question rational reality received view refer reﬂection relationship Ricoeur scientiﬁc scientists sensation signiﬁcant social science speciﬁc statements Stephen Toulmin structures systems of inquiry teleological theory truth understanding University Press valid various Vienna circle whole Wilhelm Dilthey Wittgenstein words York