Methods for Community Participation: A Complete Guide for Practitioners
This book combines the concept, practice and application of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) in a comprehensive manner. The author views PRA as a means of opening up new ways of approaching various problems within the development process. He defines it as a growing body of methods to enable local people to share, enhance and analyse their knowledge of life and conditions in order to plan, act, monitor and evaluate their actions. The basic premise of PRA is that poor and marginalized people are capable of analysing their own realities and that they should be enabled to do so. The book provides examples from experiences, material with directions for use, as well as possibilities for innovation. It is rich in insight from actual practice in the field, and contains useful tips on the best practices which readers and practitioners will find extremely valuable. The final part provides a summary of the concept of PRA. Somesh Kumar joined the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) in 1989, after a brief stint as a psychologist in the Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
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Spacerelated PRA Methods
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agriculture Anantapur district Andhra Pradesh application areas arrive Ask the participants aspects body mapping Bolangir district cards cause effect diagram chalk changes chart colour criteria crops daily activity schedule depict discussion dream map Drought Evaluation Tool exercise facilitators focus focussed force field analysis helps historical transect households Huaian identify impact diagram Improvisation and Complementarity income India initial interventions land livelihood analysis major marginalised marker pens Material Required matrix ranking mobility map monitoring and evaluation natural resources Nigeria non-literate opportunities map Orissa output pair-wise ranking method paper Participatory Action Research participatory census participatory genealogy people's participation pie diagram poor problems programmes realise representing resource map Scope for Improvisation scores Seasonal Diagram seeds services and opportunities snake and ladder social map spider diagram steps symbols topic trend analysis Triangulate understanding various Venn diagram village visuals well-being categories well-being ranking women