Methods of Social Study
In Methods of Social Study Sidney and Beatrice Webb describe in detail how they conducted their investigations into social history and institutions - from the collection, recording and classification of the data (both documentary and oral), through the processes of hypothesis and analysis, down to the preparation of the final report. The Webbs were in many respects pioneers, and what they achieved and the way in which they achieved it are of an importance that has been increasingly recognised as the passage of times gives us perspective. Their constant concern was to ensure that their work would be 'scientific'. They stress the need in scientific research for complete objectivity, to be achieved in their case by keeping their historical and sociological studies wholly separate from their political writings. Because the first drafts for the book were made by Beatrice in 1921 and the final text was written by Sidney in 1931/2, one can also see expressed here, more clearly than elsewhere, the different temperaments of the two collaborators.
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A. L. Bowley according actually answer authorities Beatrice Webb behaviour Bethnal Green bias Bowley branch capitalist chapter Charles Booth classification committee constitution contemporaneous literature council definition described Diary discovered discovery district documents economic eight hours day emotional employers English Local Government enquiry experience facts generalisations Graham Wallas human hypo hypotheses instance interview J. B. S. Haldane knowledge L. T. Hobhouse Labour London Margaret Cole ment merely mind municipal nineteenth century note-taking notes observation officials oral evidence paper parish Parliament particular social institution Pickard piece-work political Poor Law practical Professor purpose question records relations reports Royal Commission scientific method sheets Sidney social institutions social investigator social organisation sociologist sociology stage statistics student subject-matter thought ticular tion trade union truth verification vestigation vestry wages whilst whole workers