Metrical Pocket-book: Or Manual of Weights, Measures and Coins for the Use of Merchants, Clerks, Travelers, Staticians, Jewelers, Physicians, Chemists, Engineers, Mechanics, Students and Teachers : Containing the Principles of the Metric System; Scales and Tables for the Reduction of All the Metric, English and U.S. Standards; Tables of the More Important Foreign Weights, Measures and Coins, with Their English & Metric Equivalents, Etc

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J. P. Lippincott, 1870 - Metric system - 54 pages
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Page 8 - JOINT RESOLUTION TO ENABLE THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY TO FURNISH TO EACH STATE ONE SET OF THE STANDARD WEIGHTS AND MEASURES OF THE METRIC SYSTEM. Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to furnish to each State, to be delivered to the governor thereof, one set of the standard weights and...
Page 8 - Your committee unanimously recommend the passage of the bills and the joint resolutions appended to this report. They were not prepared to go, at this time, beyond this stage of progress in the proposed reform.
Page 8 - ... associations, and other voluntary societies, and individuals, will be induced to consider and in their discretion to adopt its use. The interests of trade among a people so quick as ours to receive and adopt a useful novelty, will soon acquaint practical men with its convenience. When this is attained, — a period, it is hoped, not distant, — a further act of Congress can fix the date for its exclusive adoption as a legal system.
Page 8 - Meanwhile it must be taught in schools. Our arithmetics must explain it. They who have already passed a certain period of life may not adopt it; but the rising generation will embrace it, and ever afterwards number it among the choicest possessions of an advanced civilization.
Page 7 - In this brief space you behold the whole metric system of weights and measures. What a contrast to the anterior confusion ! A boy at school can master the metric system in an afternoon. Months, if not years, are required to store away the perplexities, incongruities, and inconsistencies of the existing weights and measures, and then memory must often fail in reproducing them. The mystery of compound arithmetic is essential in the calculations they require. All this is done away by the decimal progression,...
Page 7 - ... vocabulary of their denominations ; altogether forming a system adapted equally to the use of all mankind ; afford such a combination of the principle of uniformity for all the most important operations of the intercourse of human society ; the establishment of such a system so obviously tends to that great result, the improvement of the physical, moral, and intellectual, condition of man upon earth ; that there can be neither doubt nor hesitation in the opinion, that the ultimate adoption, and...
Page 20 - ... product of the divisor into the respective quotient figures. Hence, 333. To divide decimals, carrying the quotient to any required number of decimal places. For the first quotient figure divide as usual ; then instead of bringing down the next figure, or annexing a cipher to the remainder, cut off a figure on the right of the divisor at each successive division, and divide by the other figures. In multiplying the divisor by the quotient figure, carry for the nearest number of tens that would...
Page 7 - United States will go far to complete the circle by which this great improvement will be assured to mankind. Here is a new agent of civilization, to be felt in all the concerns of life, at home and abroad. It will be hardly less important than the Arabic numerals, by which the operations of arithmetic are rendered common to all nations. It will help undo the primeval confusion of which the Tower of Babel was the representative.
Page 7 - The single standard, proportional to the circumference of the earth ; the singleness of the units for all the various modes of mensuration ; the universal application to them of decimal arithmetic- ; the unbroken chain of connection between all weights, measures, moneys, and coins ; and the precise, significant, short, and complete vocabulary of their denominations ; altogether forming a system adapted equally to the use of all mankind ; afford such a combination of the principle of uniformity for...
Page 19 - ... 273. When it is not necessary that all the decimal places of the product should be retained, tedious multiplications may often be obviated, by contracting the work as follows : — Write the units' place of the multiplier under that figure of the multiplicand whose place it is proposed to retain in the product, and dispose of all the other figures of the multiplier in an order contrary to the usual one. Then, in multiplying, begin, for each partial product, with that figure of the multiplicand...

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