Microstructures and Structural Defects in High-temperature Superconductors
This book provides an extensive introduction to the microstructures and structural defects in high-temperature superconductors. It illustrates the application of modern experimental techniques as well as theoretical modeling tools in the study of these complex materials.The readers are given an overview of the structure-sensitive properties, such as transport properties, and the effort to develop large-scale (high-current, high-field) applications for these materials. The effects of defects on the superconducting properties of these materials are described when feasible to put the study of microstructures in proper perspective.
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Defects and Superconductivity
Tools Used to Study the Defects
The Structure Characteristics
Types of Defects
Oxygen Ordering Re1ated Defects in YBa2Cu3O7
The Twin Boundary Structure in YBa2Cu3O7_i
Structural Modulation in La2rBarCuO4
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alignment amorphous region amplitude array beam boundary dislocations boundary plane Burgers vector c-axis calculated cation coherence length columnar defects concentration configuration critical current density crystal CuO2 plane cuprates diffraction pattern diffuse scattering direction displacement distribution domain electron diffraction experimental Figure flux pinning formation free energy GBDs grain boundary heat treatment high-Tc high-temperature high-temperature superconductors hole HREM intensity interaction intercalation interface ions irradiation Kikuchi lattice parameters lattice shift layer LTO phase magnetic materials matrix measured mechanism microstructure misorientation angle modulation Monte Carlo normal O-lattice observed obtained order parameter orientation orthorhombic oxygen oxygen atoms oxygen content oxygen ordering perpendicular platelets pre-peak quenched reflections sample shown shows simulation space specimen stacking faults strain contrast streaks structure superconducting superconducting properties Tape techniques tetragonal thickness tilt tion transition temperature tweed twin boundary twist unit cell X-ray diffraction YBa2Cu3O7_i YBCO