Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran

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Steven Heydemann, Reinoud Leenders
Stanford University Press, Jan 9, 2013 - Political Science - 328 pages
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The developments of early 2011 changes the political landscape of the Middle East. But even as urgent struggles continue, it remains clear that authoritarianism will survive this transformational moment. The study of authoritarian governance, therefore, remains essential for our understanding of the political dynamics and inner workings of regimes across the region.

This volume considers the Syrian and Iranian regimes—what they share in common and what distinguishes them. Too frequently, authoritarianism has been assumed to be a generic descriptor of the region and differences among regimes have been overlooked. But as the political trajectories of Middle Eastern states diverge in years ahead, with some perhaps consolidating democratic gains while others remaining under distinct and resilient forms of authoritarian rule, understanding variations in modes of authoritarian governance and the attributes that promote regime resilience becomes an increasingly urgent priority.
 

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Contents

Challenged Reconfiguring and Resilient Steven Heydemann and Reinoud Leenders
1
Part I Economic Governance and Recombinant Authoritarian Rule
33
Part II Authoritarian Resilience and the Management of Religious Affairs
81
Part III Social and Literary Responses to Authoritarian Resilience
125
Part IV Contestation Governance and the Quest for Authoritarian Legitimacy
167
Notes
245
Bibliography
263
Index
287
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About the author (2013)

Steven Heydemann is Senior Adviser for Middle East Initiatives at the United States Institute of Peace and Research Associate Professor at Georgetown University. Reinoud Leenders is Reader in International Relations and Middle East Studies in the Department of War Studies at King's College London.

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