Des paroles douces comme la soie. Introduction aux contes dans l’aire couchitique
The theory of "Middle Knowledge" ascribes to God a particular type of knowledge - that he sees not simply what each free creature could do in any circumstance, but what it would do in any circumstance. This type of knowledge is claimed to be helpful to explain how God has perfect foreknowledge, while creatures are free. But is such a knowledge possible, even for God? The author argues that the arguments against it do not stand, and that therefore the theory of "Middle Knowledge" is tenable. The arguments against the coherence of "Middle Knowledge" are examined, of which the most important is that counterfactuals of freedom could not exist (chapter 2). Then the arguments against the adequacy of the theory of "Middle Knowledge" are examined, such as whether or not counterfactual power over the past is implied by the theory of "Middle Knowledge" (chapter 3). A separate chapter is devoted to 'background problems', such as the specific concept of freedom, the notion of God's concurrence, and our view on the nature of possible worlds (chapter 4).
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accept accidental necessity action actual world actualist Adams affairs alternative Alvin Plantinga antecedent argued argument assumption B-theory Basinger belief causal circumstances claim coherent concept Concordia conditional future contingents counterfactual power counterfactuals of freedom Craig Creation Situation creaturely act Curley decide DFHF discussion divine foreknowledge essences essential omniscience eternity example exist explain fact Fischer Frankfurt Frankfurt counterexamples Freddoso free creatures Gaskin grounds Hasker human freedom indicative conditional intuitions Inwagen John Duns Scotus Kampen kill Jones knows Kvanvig Leftow libertarian Linda Zagzebski logical means metaphysical Middle Knowl Middle Knowledge modal Molina Molinist necessity notion Ockhamism Ockhamists PAKG past Peter van Inwagen philosophers Plantinga position power to bring presupposes presuppositions problem question reason relevant counterfactuals seems sense specific suppose synchronic contingency Theology Theories of Actuality theory of Middle thisness timeless timelessly true or false truth truth-value uals William Hasker