Military Saints in Byzantium and Rus, 900-1200
The rulers of the Byzantine Empire and its commonwealth were protected both by their own soldiers and by a heavenly army: the military saints. The transformation of Saints George, Demetrios, Theodore and others into the patrons of imperial armies was one of the defining developments of religious life under the Macedonian emperors. This book provides a comprehensive study of military sainthood and its roots in late antiquity. The emergence of the cults is situated within a broader social context, in which mortal soldiers were equated with martyrs and martyrs of the early Church recruited to protect them on the battlefield. Dr White then traces the fate of these saints in early Rus, drawing on unpublished manuscripts and other under-utilised sources to discuss their veneration within the princely clan and their influence on the first native saints of Rus, Boris and Gleb, who eventually joined the ranks of their ancient counterparts.
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appear army associated attributes baptismal name Basil Basil II battle Bogoliubskii Boris and Gleb brothers Byzantium Cathedral chapter Christ Christian Chronicle Church of St conﬁrmed Constantine VII Constantinople cult dedicated depicted described diﬂicult discussed divine Dolgorukii early emperors emphasise enamels entry evidence feast day ﬁght ﬁghting ﬁgures ﬁrst founded frieze George George’s Gleb’s hagiography Herakleios holy warriors Hypatian chronicles icon iconography identiﬁed Ihid imperial inﬂuence intercession inverted hearts Kiev late antiquity Leo’s martyr and warrior martyr-warrior martyrdom martyrs Menologion Merkourios middle Byzantine mili military saints Monastery Monomakh Moscow Mother Nauka Novgorod oﬂices Passio patron saints Patronal signiﬁcance portraits pre-Mongol Primary Chronicle princely clan Prokopios protectors PSRL reﬂect religious Riurikids role seals similar Slavonic soldiers sources Sviatopolk Sviatoslav Symeon Metaphrastes Synaxarion tenth century texts Theodore Stratelates Theodore Teron Theodore’s Thessalonika traditions trans twelfth century veneration Vladimir Vladimir Monomakh Vsevolod Vyshgorod warfare Zhitiia