Military Strategy: Principles, Practices, and Historical Perspectives

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Potomac Books, Inc., Jan 1, 2011 - History - 350 pages
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John M. Collins has distilled the wisdom of history s great military minds to tutor readers on the necessary intellectual skills to win not only battles but also wars. He illuminates practices that worked well or poorly in the past, together with reasons why. He discusses national security interests, strategic building blocks, military strategies across the conflict spectrum, methods for developing talent and strategic acumen, and recent case studies that put principles into practice. Collins never tells readers what to think, but in "Military Strategy" he provides them with the intellectual tools to think for themselves. Written in a clear, straightforward style, this book will appeal to officers, policy-makers, students, and the public."
 

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Contents

Tables
Maps
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Prospectus
1 Overview
PART ITHE FRAMEWORK OFMILITARY STRATEGY
2 National Security Interests
Defensive Options
NUCLEAR WAR TERMINATION STRATEGIES
KEY POINTS
NOTES
13 Biological and ChemicalWarfare Strategies
BW Weapon Systems
CW Weapon Systems
BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL ARMS CONTROL

Dictatorial vs Democratic Interests
Prioritization
UNIVERSALLY VALUABLE INTERESTS
Homeland Defense
Domestic Tranquility
Military Power
Freedom of Action
Peace
Prosperity
Ideology
Morality
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
NOTES
3 Foreign and Domestic Threats
THE CONFLICT SPECTRUM
STRATEGIC GUIDANCE
Quantitative Considerations
Integrating Factors
INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATES
Foreign Military Intentions
Cautionary Notes
NET ASSESSMENTS
Purposes and Products
Assessing Statistical Asymmetries
Assessing Qualitative Asymmetries
Composite Assessments
KEY POINTS
NOTES
4 Basic Security Objectives
Typical Objectives at the Top
NATIONAL MILITARY AIMS
Values of Military Victory
MILITARY ROLES AND MISSIONS
Military Missions
STRATEGIC CENTERS OF GRAVITY
National Centers of Gravity
Regional Centers of Gravity
Opposing Opinions
KEY POINTS
NOTES
5 The Primacy of Policy
Policies Compared with Commitments
Cultural Contexts
CIVILMILITARY POLICIES
Civilian Control in Autocracies
Civilian Control in Democracies
FOREIGN VS DOMESTIC POLICIES
Soviet Priorities
MILITARY VS NONMILITARY POWER
Nonmilitary Power Predominates
KEY POINTS
NOTES
PART IIFUNDAMENTALS OFMILITARY STRATEGY
6 Strategic Starting Points
Strategic Theories
Strategic Principles
Military Doctrines
Strategic Concepts
Maritime School
Special Operations School
Sequential and Cumulative Strategies
Direct and Indirect Strategies
Maneuver and Attrition Strategies
Arms Control vs Arms Competition
POLITICOMILITARY ASSUMPTIONS
STRATEGIC PATHS AND PITFALLS
Strategic Mismatches
Extremist Strategies
NOTES
7 Fundamentals of Deterrence
CAUSES OF CONFLICT
Unprovoked Aggression
Preemptive and Preventive Wars
PRINCIPLES OF DETERRENCE
Principle of Purpose
Principle of Uncertainty
Principle of Preparedness
Principle of Prudence
Principle of Paradox
ConfidenceBuilding
Demonstrations
Deception and Disinformation
Reciprocity in Kind
Irrational Acts
NOTES
8 WarFighting Fundamentals
PRINCIPLES OF WAR
Principle of Initiative
Principle of Flexibility
Principle of Economy
Principle of Maneuver
Principle of Security
Principle of Simplicity
Principle of Morale
Principle of Time
PREMIER WAR FIGHTING POLICIES
Offense vs Defense
Peacetime Deployment Patterns
WARFIGHTING THEORIES AND CONCEPTS
Strategic Maneuvers
Strategic Attrition
Escalation
Policy Restraints
CONFLICT TERMINATION
Inhibitions
Inducements
KEY POINTS
NOTES
9 Fundamentals of Military Preparedness
READINESS VS SUSTAINABILITY
Principle of Regional Peculiarity
Principle of Quantitative Sufficiency
Principle of Qualitative Superiority
Principle of ACRC Complementarity
Principle of Compatibility
Principle of Foresight
Principle of Resource Sufficiency
Operations Other Than War
Peacetime Operating Tempo
Personnel Issues
Homosexuals
FUTURE PREPAREDNESS
KEY POINTS
NOTES
10 Fundamentals of Arms Control
QUANTITATIVE RESTRICTIONS
Counting Rules
QUALITATIVE LIMITATIONS
When to Control Technology
How to Control Technologies
NEGOTIATING TECHNIQUES
Perennial Disputes
COMPLIANCE PROBLEMS
Verification Procedures
KEY POINTS
NOTES
PART IIISPECIALIZEDMILITARY STRATEGIES
11 Counterproliferation Strategies
Nuclear Weapon Proliferation
Radiological Weapon Proliferation
Biological Weapon Proliferation
Delivery Vehicle Proliferation
Unique RD Clues
NBC Deployment Indicators
Disputes About Desirability
Military Options
Security Guarantees
Eliminate Key Personnel
Sabotage
Invasion
KEY POINTS
NOTES
12 Nuclear Warfare Strategies
Nuclear Explosive Characteristics
Nuclear Devastation
NUCLEAR ARMS CONTROL
NUCLEAR DETERRENT STRATEGIES
Searches for Stability
Assorted Deterrent Concepts
Deterrent Force Requirements
Possible Lessons Learned
NUCLEAR WARFIGHTING STRATEGIES
Targeting Policies
Biological Combat
CHEMICAL WARFARE STRATEGIES
Chemical Combat
NEEDS FOR CREATIVE CONCEPTS
NOTES
14 Traditional Forces and Strategies
Sea Power Peculiarities
Air Power Peculiarities
Synergistic Capabilities
Quantitative Balances
Beneficial Balances
TRADITIONAL DETERRENCE
Force Deployment Options
Periodic Demonstrations
Clear Intentions
NUCLEAR WARFARE NEXUS
Perceived Problems
Practical Impediments
KEY POINTS
NOTES
15 Insurgency Strategies
Classical Insurgencies
New Wave Insurgencies
REVOLUTIONARY WARFARE
Organizations
Revolutionary Phases
Outside Support
COUNTERREVOLUTIONS
Sandinista Experiences
RESISTANCE MOVEMENTS
TRADITIONAL WARFARE NEXUS
Subversive Activities
KEY POINTS
NOTES
16 Counterinsurgency Strategies
THE NATURE OF COUNTERINSURGENCY
Counterinsurgencies Compared with Insurgencies
Tailored Intelligence
Velvet Glove Operations
Iron Fist Operations
COUNTERGUERRILLA STRATEGIES
Primacy of Land Power
PACIFICATION PROGRAMS
PoliticoMilitary Team Play
Consolidation and Coordination
KEY POINTS
NOTES
17 Sociopolitical Terrorism
ATYPICAL TERRORISTS
TYPICAL TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS
Nuclear Weapons
Biological Weapons
Chemical Weapons
TERRORIST TARGETS AND TACTICS
Tried and True Tactics
Nightmare Scenarios
SPONSORSHIP AND SUPPORT
KEY POINTS
NOTES
18 Counterterrorism Strategies
PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROL
Democratic Governments
OVERARCHING ISSUES
Violence Versus Nonviolence
DEFENSIVE COUNTERTERRORISM
Active Defense
OFFENSIVE COUNTERTERRORISM
Violent Options
DEMOCRATIC CONSTRAINTS
Civil Liberties
Legal Dispositions
KEY POINTS
NOTES
19 Nonlethal Warfare Strategies
THE NATURE OF NONLETHAL WARFARE
POLITICAL WARFARE
Foster Strategic Flexibility
Deceive Adversaries
Defang Defeated Enemies
ECONOMIC WARFARE
Preclusive Purchases
Pragmatic Expectations
TECHNOLOGICAL WARFARE
Pathways to Superiority
Technological Shortcuts
Dangers of Overdependence
PSYWAR Targets
PSYWAR Techniques
Democratic Restrictions
CYBERNETIC WARFARE
Cyberwar Targets
Attractive Offensive Options
Cyberwar Benefits and Liabilities
KEY POINTS
NOTES
20 Coalition Warfare Strategies
COLLECTIVE SECURITY INCENTIVES
COLLECTIVE SECURITY CHOICES
United Nations
International Coalitions
PoliticoMilitary Purposes
Reliability
Scruples
Informal Coalitions
COMMAND AND CONTROL
RESPECTIVE CONTRIBUTIONS
REQUIREMENTS FOR REVIEW
KEY POINTS
NOTES
PART IVKEYS TOSTRATEGIC SUPERIORITY
21 Strategic Trailblazers
Strategic Theoreticians
Strategic Practitioners
Creative Practitioners
COVETED CHARACTERISTICS
Intelligence
Analytical Acumen
Salesmanship
NOTES
22 Strategic SteppingStones
Intellectual Freedom
Prolific Contacts
Conspicuous Deficiencies
STRATEGIC RESEARCH
Future Problems
Nontraditional Techniques
KEY POINTS
NOTES
PART VAPPLIED STRATEGIES
23 Balkan Tar Babies
POLITICOMILITARY BACKDROP
Titos Fragile Federation
PEACEKEEPING IN BOSNIA
Comparative Objectives
Policy Options in Bosnia
Darkness Before Dawn
Dayton Peace Agreement
Implementation and Stabilization
PEACEMAKING IN KOSOVO
Prewar Situation
Comparative Purposes
NATOs Policy Options
Operation Allied Force
Postwar Situation
STRATEGIC CRITIQUES
Strategic Shortcomings
Causes of Conflict Unresolved
INTERVENTION CHECKLIST
National Interests
Political Aims and Military Missions
Contingency Plans
Public Support
KEY POINTS
NOTES
24 Final Reflections
TEN CRUCIAL POINTS RECAPITULATED
Appendix AStrategic Terminology
Appendix BAbbreviations
Appendix CA Bookshelf for Military Strategists
Index
About the Author
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

John M. Collins is a retired U.S. Army colonel and a distinguished visiting research fellow at the National Defense University. Collins culminated his military career as the director of military strategy studies and then as chief of the Strategic Research Group at the National War College. He was subsequently the senior specialist in national defense at the Congressional Research Service for twenty-four years. Collins has written twelve books and numerous monographs, including "Strategy: Principles, Practices, and Historical Perspectives". He lives in Alexandria, Virginia.

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