Military Power and Third-party Conflict Mediation in West Africa: The Liberia and Sierra Leone Case Studies
This study begins by characterising the nature of post-Cold War conflicts in Africa. It then considers the military role of the Economic Community of West African States Cease-fire Monitoring Group [ECOMOG] and the relatively new phenomenon of the strategic military involvement of ECOWAS in Sierra Leone and Liberia, given that the function of ECOWAS in the sub-region was designed to be primarily economic. The author assesses the efficacy of armed third party intervention, and some of the technical and legal, political and diplomatic problems and ramifications. He expands his analysis of their implications for the development of a general theory and method of conflict mediation in Africa.
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CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THIRD
EFFICACY OF ARMED CONFLICT
b Appraising the Peace Deal
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Abacha adventure agreement Alade Fawole Anglophone armed conflict armed forces armed intervention army Assistance on Defence Babangida Burkina Faso ceasefire Charles Taylor civil civilian collapse colonial commander Community of West conflict mediation conflict resolution contingent Cote d'lvoire crises decision to intervene dislodge Doe's ECOMOG force ECOMOG intervention ECOMOG troops ECOWAS Authority ECOWAS Standing Mediation ethnic external Foday Sankoh francophone Freetown funding Gadaffi Gambia Ghana government of Tejan guerrilla factions implication initial insurgents international community intervention in Liberia intra-state conflicts Iweze Johnny Paul Koroma Joseph Momoh junta Koromah lack Liberia and Sierra Liberian Crisis Lome member-states military force military operations Nigeria Nigerian soldiers Obafemi Awolowo University objective organisation peace plan peace process peacekeeping political post-Cold President problems regime resolve restore role RUF rebels Samuel Doe Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean Standing Mediation Committee Tejan Kabbah third parties UNAMSIL Valentine Strasser warlords West Africa