Mind the gap: ellipsis and stylistic variation in spoken and written English
We rarely speak or even write in the complete sentences that are often held to be the ideal form of linguistic communication. Language is in fact full of gaps as speakers and writers often communicate in situations which allow bits of language to be understood rather than expressed. This book examines this 'gappiness' of language, technically known as ellipsis, and provides an account of the different contexts, both linguistic and situational which affect its use.
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abbreviated addressee Advanced Photo System adverbial ambiguity analysis anaphoric Ben Elton cataphoric chapter commentary compression conjunct constituents contextual ellipsis contextual rejoinders conversation coordination reduction dialogue diegesis diegetic direct object discourse Discussion of Exercises elements elliptical Emmanuel Petit example expansion expression extract free indirect speech function grammatical headline headlinese imagist inferential gaps inner speech interior monologue kind king of comedy lapses in performance lexical linguistic context literary main clause marker meaning narrative voice narrator non-elliptical nonrealization Note noun phrases omission omitted paralanguage phrasal poem poetic possible question reader realized reference relation relative clause Roberto Carlos seen sentence-initial ellipsis situational context situational ellipsis speakers speech style stage directions structural gaps stylistic subjectless imperatives subordination reduction suggest syntactic structure syntax telegraphic ellipsis telegraphic structures teletext tense text conventions textual third-person third-person narrative tion types of ellipsis uniquely recoverable utterance verb phrase verbal words writing written