Modal expressions in Finnish
Modal expressions are expressions of a viewpoint and attitude. This study examines the nature and use of different modal categories. The main divisions are dynamic, deontic and apistemic modality. Within these domains of modality, special attention is given to the concepts of possibility and necessity and their different interpretations. From the resources of language, in the central position of the examination are the modal verbs. The study is both theoretical and empirical.
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3inf+ ill 3inf+ill adjectives adverb affairs Baltic-Finnic languages be+pst conditional mood context deontic dynamic modality dynamic possibility ehka eivat epistemic modality epistemic sense etta example Finland FlC CAU FlC NAY FlC PLY have-to imperative mood imperfect tense indicate indicative mood infinitive complement infinitive lative interpreted joutua Kangasniemi kind kyeta lahtea language lative ln addition MAG ART MAG CAU MAG REP mahtaa Matti Matti Nykanen meaning mita modal expressions modal verbs mukaan myos negation negative form no+ sg3 obligation occur olisi Oulu Corpus pAAstA Palmer pas+ptc Pekka permission pitaa pitaisi pl+gen pl+ill pl+ine pl+par possibility and necessity possible worlds proposition ptc+pl pystyA questions RAD PLA saada saattaa Saukkonen sentences silla sita sopia speaker or writer structure taitaa tarvita tassa tAytyA taytyy tehda tense that-no tulla usage utterance viela voida VOlDA