Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 18, 2004 - Business & Economics - 323 pages
This volume is dedicated to the memory of Barclay G. Jones, Professor of City and Regional Planning and Regional Science at Cornell University. Over a decade ago, Barclay took on a fledgling area of study - economic modeling of disasters - and nurtured its early development. He served as the social science program director at the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (NCEER), a university consortium sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Federal Emergency Management Agency of the United States. In this capacity, Barclay shepherded and attracted a number of regional scientists to the study of disasters. He organized a conference, held in the ill-fated World Trade Center in September 1995, on "The Economic Consequences of Earthquakes: Preparing for the Unexpected. " He persistently advocated the importance of social science research in an establishment dominated by less-than-sympathetic natural scientists and engineers. In 1993, Barclay organized the first of a series of sessions on "Measuring Regional Economic Effects of Unscheduled Events" at the North American Meetings of the Regional Science Association International (RSAI). This unusual nomenclature brought attention to the challenge that disasters -largely unanticipated, often sudden, and always disorderly - pose to the regional science modeling tradition. The sessions provided an annual forum for a growing coalition of researchers, where previously the literature had been fragmentary, scattered, and episodic. Since Barclay's unexpected passing in 1997, we have continued this effort in his tradition.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Conceptual and Modeling Issues
11
Economic Principles Issues and Research Priorities in Hazard Loss Estimation
13
Indirect Losses from Natural Disasters Measurement and Myth
37
Has September 11 Affected New York Citys Growth Potential?
53
Economic Models
75
Measuring Economic Impacts of Disasters Interregional InputOutput Analysis Using Sequential Interindustry Model
77
Geohazards in Social Systems An Insurance Matrix Approach
103
Risk Perception Location Choice and Landuse Patterns under Disaster Risk Longterm Consequences of Information Provision in a Spatial Economy
163
Integrative Models
179
The Dynamics of Recovery A Framework
181
Earthquake Disaster Mitigation for Urban Transportation Systems An Integrated Methodology that Builds on the Kobe and Northridge Experiences
205
Analysis of Economic Impacts of an Earthquake on Transportation Network
233
Benefit Cost Analysis for Renewal Planning of Existing Electric Power Equipment
257
Evaluating the Disaster Resilience of Power Networks and Grids
289
Index
311

Computable General Equilibrium Modeling of Electric Utility Lifeline Losses from Earthquakes
119
The Fall of the Iron Curtain and the Evolution of German Regional Labour Markets A SelfOrganized Criticality Perspective
143

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Page 310 - A Study of the Performance of Petroleum Storage Tanks During Earthqukes, 1933-1995," prepared for the US Department of Commerce. Wald, J. Quitoriano, V., Heaton, T. Kanamori, H , and Scrivner, C. [1998] "TRINET Shakemaps: Rapid Generation of Peak Ground Motion and Intensity Maps for Earthquakes in Southern California", Earthquake Spectra, October.