Modern Instrumentation for Scientists and Engineers

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2001 - Juvenile Nonfiction - 319 pages
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Knowledge of instrumentation is for experimentalists a kind of fluency in the language of measurement. But it is a fluency not so commonly possessed, and without which much of the experimental process remains hidden and mysterious. The basic goal in writing this book is to provide a treatment of useful depth of the basic elements of the instrumentation "language," namely electronics, sensors, and measurement. The present epoch is arguably a golden age for instrumentation. The crucial ingredient has been the exceptional development of semiconductor fabrication technology, and this has led to the present richness in both analog and digital inte grated circuits. The former provide relatively inexpensive but high-performance electronic modules (such as the operational amplifier) which can serve as build ing blocks for more complex circuits, whereas the latter have culminated in the desktop computer, which has permeated modem life generally and revolu tionized the instrumentation world with its capacity to act as a measurement controller and data storage center. Finally, silicon micromachining is creating a host of new sensors for such quantities as acceleration and pressure.
 

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Contents

Physical Quantities
3
12 Magnetic Field
5
DC Circuits
7
22 Loop Analysis
9
23 Remarks
10
AC Circuits
11
32 Resistors as AC Components
13
34 Inductors as AC Components
15
102 Photodiodes
162
Problems
168
Magnetic Fields
171
111 HallEffect Sensors
172
112 Fluxgate Magnetometers
175
113 Comparative Performance
178
Bibliography
179
Strain
181

35 Impedance
16
Problems
24
Bridge Circuits
27
42 AC Bridges
32
Problems
35
Amplifiers
37
51 Noninverting Amplifier
39
52 Inverting Amplifier
44
53 Difference Amplifier
47
54 Summing Amplifier
48
55 Frequency Response
49
Problems
56
SpecialPurpose Circuits
57
62 Instrumentation Amplifier
59
63 Log and Antilog Amplifiers
61
64 Constant Current Convesion
64
66 Analog Integration and Differentation
66
Problems
70
Waveform Generators
73
72 Pulse Generators
81
73 Crystal Oscillators
88
74 Remarks
89
Problems
91
Filters
93
81 Passive Filters
94
82 Active Filters
107
83 Remarks
117
Problems
119
Bibliography
120
Sensors
121
Temperature
123
91 Thermistors
124
92 Resistance Temperature Detectors
145
93 Thermocouples
147
94 TemperatureSensitive Diodes
152
Problems
155
Bibliography
156
Light
157
101 Photoconductive Sensors
159
122 Resistive Strain Gages
184
Problems
192
Pressure
195
131 Piezoresistive Gages
196
132 Piezoelectric Gages
201
Bibliography
206
Displacement and Rotation
209
142 Rotation
214
Bibliography
218
Acceleration
221
151 Micromachined Sensors
227
152 Piezoelectric Sensors
231
Bibliography
234
Measurements
237
DC Measurements
239
162 DigitaltoAnalog Conversion
240
163 Voltage Measurement
244
164 Current Measurement
260
165 Resistance Measurement
261
Problems
262
Bibliography
263
AC Measurements
265
171 Estimated RMS
269
172 True RMS
272
Problems
277
Bibliography
278
Data Acquisition
279
182 Sampled Waveforms
282
183 Multichannel Systems
287
184 PCBased Data Acquisition
288
Problems
291
DataAcquisition Systems
293
191 GPIB Bus
294
192 GPIB for the User
305
193 VXI
310
194 PXI
313
Bibliography
315
Index
317
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

James A. Blackburn, PHD, is a Professor and former Dean of the School of Social Work at Hunter College and a former Dean of the School of Social Welfare at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He is a member of the Gerontological Society of America, the National Council on Family Relations, the Council on Social Work Education, and the American Psychological Association.

Catherine N. Dulmus, PHD, is Associate Professor of Social Work and Director of the Buffalo Center for Social Research at the University of Buffalo, The State University of New York. She is coeditor of several social work journals and has authored or edited a number of books, including Essentials of Child Welfare, Handbook of Preventive Interventions for Children and Adolescents, Handbook of Preventive Interventions for Adults, and The Social Work and Human Services Treatment Planner, all published by Wiley.

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