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action agricultural authorities become better bourgeoisie capital capitalist carried Committee Council course cultivation demand Democracy direct economic effect elected employers England English equal existence exploitation fact factory force France further Germany give Government hand human idea important increase individual industry interests labour land less live London matter means of production method movement municipal natural necessary once organization party peasant persons political position possible practical present principle profit programme progress proletarian proletariate protection question reform representatives result rule secure social Social Democratic Socialist society strike suffrage things tion to-day trade trade-unions United universal votes wages wealth whole workers working-class workmen
Page 37 - ... sweeps away by force the old conditions of production, then it will, along with these conditions, have swept away the conditions for the existence of class antagonisms and of classes generally, and will thereby have abolished its own supremacy as a class. In...
Page 92 - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. The patrimony of a poor man lies in the strength and dexterity of his hands; and to hinder him from employing this strength and dexterity in what manner he thinks proper without injury to his neighbour, is a plain violation of this most sacred property.
Page 35 - The proletariat will use its political supremacy to wrest, by degrees, all capital from the bourgeoisie, to centralize all instruments of production in the hands of the state, ie, of the proletariat organized as the ruling class, and to increase the total of productive forces as rapidly as possible.
Page 36 - State 7. Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the State; the bringing into cultivation of waste lands, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan 8. Equal liability of all to labor. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture 9. Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries : gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country, by a more equable distribution of the population over the country 10.
Page 16 - Modern Socialism is nothing but the reflex, in thought, of this conflict in fact; its ideal reflection in the minds, first, of the class directly suffering under it, the working class.
Page 36 - Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes. 2. A heavy progressive or graduated income tax. 3. Abolition of all rights of inheritance. 4. Confiscation of the property of all emigrants * and rebels. 5. Centralization of credit in the hands of the State, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly. 6. Centralization of the means of communication and transport in the hands of the State.
Page 37 - If the proletariat during its contest with the bourgeoisie is compelled by the force of circumstances to organize itself as a class, if, by means of a revolution, it makes itself the ruling class, and, as such, sweeps away by force the old conditions of production, then it will, along with these conditions, have swept away the conditions for the existence of class antagonisms and of classes generally, and will thereby have abolished its own supremacy as a class.
Page 36 - Nevertheless, in the most advanced countries, the following will be pretty generally applicable : . 1. Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes. 2. A heavy progressive or graduated income tax. 3. Abolition of all right of inheritance. 4. Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels. 5. Centralization of credit in the hands of the state, by means of a national bank with state capital and an exclusive monopoly.
Page 37 - When, in the course of development, class distinctions have disappeared, and all production has been concentrated in the hands of a vast association of the whole nation, the public power will lose its political character. Political power, properly so called, is merely the organised power of one class for oppressing another.