Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic, and Political Change in 43 Societies

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Princeton University Press, May 25, 1997 - Social Science - 453 pages

Ronald Inglehart argues that economic development, cultural change, and political change go together in coherent and even, to some extent, predictable patterns. This is a controversial claim. It implies that some trajectories of socioeconomic change are more likely than others--and consequently that certain changes are foreseeable. Once a society has embarked on industrialization, for example, a whole syndrome of related changes, from mass mobilization to diminishing differences in gender roles, is likely to appear. These changes in worldviews seem to reflect changes in the economic and political environment, but they take place with a generational time lag and have considerable autonomy and momentum of their own. But industrialization is not the end of history. Advanced industrial society leads to a basic shift in values, de-emphasizing the instrumental rationality that characterized industrial society. Postmodern values then bring new societal changes, including democratic political institutions and the decline of state socialist regimes. To demonstrate the powerful links between belief systems and political and socioeconomic variables, this book draws on a unique database, the World Values Surveys. This database covers a broader range than ever before available for looking at the impact of mass publics on political and social life. It provides information from societies representing 70 percent of the world's population--from societies with per capita incomes as low as $300 per year to those with per capita incomes one hundred times greater and from long-established democracies with market economies to authoritarian states.

 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
3
CHAPTER 2
51
CHAPTER 3
67
CHAPTER 4
102
The Shift toward Postmaterialist Values 19701994
131
CHAPTER 7
196
The Impact of Culture on Economic Growth
216
CHAPTER 8
237
CHAPTER 10
293
CHAPTER 11
324
APPENDIX 1
343
Supplementary Figures for Chapters 3 9 and
357
Construction of Key Indices Used in This Book
389
REFERENCES
431
INDEX
445
Copyright

CHAPTER 9
267

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About the author (1997)

Ronald Inglehart is Professor of Political Science and Program Director at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. Among his books are The Silent Revolution: Changing Values and Political Styles among Western Publics and Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society, both published by Princeton University Press.

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