Molecular Marker Systems in Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement

Front Cover
Horst L?rz, Gerhard Wenzel
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 4, 2007 - Science - 478 pages
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Successful release of new and better crop varieties increasingly requires genomics and molecular biology. This volume presents basic information on plant molecular marker techniques from marker location up to gene cloning. The text includes a description of technical approaches in genome analysis such as comparison of marker systems, positional cloning, and array techniques in 19 crop plants. A special section focuses on converting this knowledge into general and specific breeding strategies, particularly in relation to biotic stress. Theory and practice of marker assisted selection for QTL, gene pyramiding and the future of MAS are summarized and discussed for maize, wheat, and soybean. Furthermore, approaches in silviculture on the examples of Fagus, Populus, Eucalyptus, Picea and Abies are presented. The volume ends with a comprehensive review of the patents relevant for using molecular markers and marker assisted selection.

 

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Contents

Status
4
Application of Molecular Markers
12
Conclusions
20
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms
26
Conclusions
33
Gene Mapping with Molecular Markers in Rice
41
Candidate Genes as Markers
47
Outline of the General MapBased Cloning Strategy
56
Molecular Markers
230
Comparative Mapping and Synteny
236
Conclusions
238
References
239
Markers as a Tool for Breeding
245
Conventional Markers
246
Molecular Markers Currently Used in Rice Breeding
247
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis in Rice
248

MapBased Cloning in a Model Species with a Fully Sequenced
70
MapBased Cloning in Crop Species
76
Characterization of DNA Markers in Brassica
90
Application of Arabidopsis Genome Information to Brassica
96
Quantitative Trait Loci Identification
111
Repetitive DNA Classes
126
Mapping of Quantitative Trait Loci
132
Characterization of Alfalfa Germplasms
140
Additional Uses of Molecular Markers in Alfalfa Breeding
148
The Pisum Genetic Map and Loci for Agronomic Characters
156
Quantitative Trait Loci
162
Linkage Maps
174
Transformation Systems
181
Molecular Markers
190
Genetic Maps
192
Maps Position and Markers of Loci Governing Traits of Interest
198
Genomic Resources
206
MarkerAssisted Selection
208
Conclusion
209
References
210
Molecular Maps and More
215
Reference Molecular Maps of Potato
216
Potato Function Map for Pathogen Resistance
218
Potato Function Map for Tuber Traits
221
Potato Function Maps as Basis for Innovative Approaches to Breeding
223
Conclusions
224
A Resource for Intra and Interspecific Genomics
229
Transposable Elements as Markers for Major Genes
250
Quantitative Trait Loci and Future Prospects
251
References
252
Potential and Implications
255
The Bridge to Practical Applications
257
Conifer Genomes
268
Needs of Linking the Genetic
275
Use of Molecular Markers for Fruit Quality Improvement
285
MarkerAssisted Selection for Tree Architecture Characters
291
Conclusions
297
Present Status of Validated Molecular Markers for Molecular
307
Conclusions
313
Introgression of a Recessive Gene
327
Practical Examples of MarkerAssisted Selection
342
Economics of MarkerAssisted Selection
348
Development of Molecular Markers
354
Use of Molecular Markers in MarkerAssisted Selection
362
Choice of Markers
373
MarkerAssisted Selection in Recurrent Cross Populations
379
Development and Evaluation of Microsatellite Markers
388
Conclusions
395
Effect of Utilisation on the Base Population Resource
401
Which DNA Marker at Which Scale and for Which Purpose?
415
Conclusions
425
What is a Patent?
434
Subject Index
473
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