## Molecules and the Molecular Theory of Matter |

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absolute assumed assumptions atmospheric pressure atomic weights attractive forces average free path average velocity Avogadro's law becomes bodies calculated carbon dioxide carbonic acid centimeter Clausius's coefficient of viscosity collisions composed consider considerable constitution of molecules corresponding crystal cubic cules degrees of freedom density determined diameter dissociation dissolved distance elastic-solid electrical energy of translation equal equation equilibrium ether experiment explain expression fact film fluid follows gaseous give given gramme gravitation hence hydrogen hypothesis inch increase integral kinetic energy kinetic theory layer liquid Lord Kelvin mass mathematical Maxwell's mercury method mole molecular theory motion number of degrees number of molecules observed obtained osmotic pressure oxygen particle phenomena plane potential energy properties proportional quantity rotation solid solution space specific heats spheres strain-figure substance surface tension temperature theorem theory of gases tion total kinetic energy tube unit volume vanes vapor vessel vibration viscosity vortex vortex-theory