Monarchs, Ministers, and Maps: The Emergence of Cartography as a Tool of Government in Early Modern Europe
University of Chicago Press, Dec 15, 1992 - History - 189 pages
These diverse essays investigate political factors behind the rapid development of cartography in Renaissance Europe and its impact on emerging European nations. By 1500 a few rulers had already discovered that better knowledge of their lands would strengthen their control over them; by 1550, the cartographer's art had become an important instrument for bringing territories under the control of centralized government. Throughout the following century increasing governmental reliance on maps demanded greater accuracy and more sophisticated techniques. This volume, a detailed survey of the political uses of cartography between 1400 and 1700 in Europe, answers these questions: When did monarchs and ministers begin to perceive that maps could be useful in government? For what purposes were maps commissioned? How accurate and useful were they? How did cartographic knowledge strengthen the hand of government? By focusing on particular places and periods in early modern Europe, the chapters offer new insights into the growth of cartography as a science, the impetus behind these developments - often rulers attempting to expand their power - and the role of mapmaking in European history. The essay on Poland reveals that cartographic progress came only under the impetus of powerful rulers; another explores the French monarchy's role in the burst of scientific cartography that marked the opening of the "splendid century". Additional chapters discuss the profound influence of cartographic ideas on the English aristocracy during the sixteenth century, the relation of progress in mapmaking to imperialistic goals of the Spanish and Austrian Habsburgs, and the supposed primacy of Italian mapmakingfollowing the Renaissance. Contributors to this volume are Peter Barber, David Buisseret, John Marino, Michael J. Mikos, Geoffrey Parker, and James Vann. These essays were originally presented as the Kenneth Nebenzahl, Jr., Lectures in the History of Cartography at the Newberry Library.
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administrative Andrews Armada Austrian BL Add BL Cotton BL Harley BL Royal British Library Burghley Burghley's Calais Cartaro Carte cartog cartographic charts Christopher Saxton coast Colvin commissioned copy Cotton MS Augustus court Crown detailed Drake's early edition Elizabeth Elyot engineers England English Map-Making figure Foggia France French geographical globes Habsburgs Hatfield House Maps Helen Wallis Henry VIII Henry's History of Cartography Ibid illustrate Ireland Italian Jean Rotz John Dee John Norden John Rogers king King's land Laurence Nowell Lithuania London Lord Madrid manuscript mapmaking mappe maps and plans Mathematical Practitioners military ministers Muscovy Company navigation Nicolas Norden's Office Ortelius painting palace Paris Philip plats political portolan charts Portuguese printed maps probably provinces R. A. Skelton Radziwitt reign Renaissance Richelieu River Rotz sixteenth century Spain Spanish Stefan Batory survey surviving Theatrum Thomas tion Topographical towns Treswell Tudor Tyacke VIII's vols Voyage Wolfgang Lazius world map
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