Piet Mondrian (1872-1944), who can be assigned to the school of classical modernism, was born in Amersfort, Netherlands. After studying in Amsterdam, he started his artist ́s career in the impressionist style as a figure and landscape painter. His works from these years showed the influence of Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) and of Fauvism, a French school from the beginning of the 20th century. When he traveled to Paris in 1911, he discovered Pablo Picasso ́s works (1881-1973) and, with that, Cubism. He thereafter became a pioneer of abstract painting in the Netherlands. From the 1920s on, his paintings show a vertical and horizontal composition that, combined with the oppositions of blue, yellow, red, and noncolored spaces, turned into his trademark. His art was very appreciated in New York, where he spent his last years. Mondrian was not only a painter but also an art theoretician and cofounder of the art school De Stijl.
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Abstraction-Création American Abstract Artists American artists artist's principles black lines Bolotowsky Broadway Boogie-Woogie canvas shape Color Planes colored and non-colored Composition in Color Composition on White Composition with Blue Composition with Red Composition with Yellow created Cubism Départ studio diamond Diller Domburg Dreier Dudensing Dudensing's easel essays friends Frits Mondriaan Fritz Glarner Gemeentemuseum geometric Hague Harry Holtzman Holland Holty Holtzman Collection influence jazz Knickerbocker Weekly Kröller-Müller Museum Léger Max Ernst Modern Art Mondrian began Mondrian lived Mondrian replied Mondrian's American Mondrian's principle Mondrian's studio Museum of Modern natural Naum Gabo Neoplastic Neoplasticism older artist optical flicker Otterlo painterly Photograph of Mondrian Piet Mondrian Pieter Cornelis Plastic Art primary colors rectangles rectangular canvas returned to Paris Rue du Départ school drawing teacher space receding squares Stedelijk Museum Stijl style surface tapes Theo van Doesburg theory unfinished Victory Boogie Victory Boogie-Woogie visited White Ground Woogie Yellow and Blue York City young artist