Monitoring a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
Eystein Sverre Husebye, A. M. Dainty
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996 - Computers - 836 pages
An international treaty banning the testing of any nuclear device in any environment - a comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT) - has been on the political agenda for nearly 40 years. Objections to a CTBT have been political, technical, or a combination of both. However, the possibilities seem better after the end of the Cold War. In the prevailing, cooperative disarmament climate a CTBT appears likely to be approved by most countries in 1996. Hence the great current interest in monitoring technologies and capabilities. Such issues are comprehensively addressed here, a preamble being devoted to the political developments and setbacks over the past 40 years. Since seismic means are considered the dominant monitoring element, they are explored in detail. Contributions cover network deployments, advanced signal processing, wave propagation in heterogeneous media, and seismic source representations, and a variety of techniques for source classification (including neural networks). Complementary monitoring techniques, such as hydroacoustics, radionuclides and infrasound, are also summarised. The IAEA operation for monitoring compliance with the Non-Proliferation Treaty is also presented. The book also includes eyewitness accounts of the Soviet 50 Mt megabomb development and test, as well as the efforts made by the state to monitor the nuclear test programmes of the western powers. Includes some 33 articles written by distinguished scientists active in CTBT monitoring research for decades.
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Principal Political and Technical Test Ban Issues
Three Interesting Episodes in the Soviet Nuclear Program
Attempts to Ban Nuclear Tests A Disappointing Story
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amplitude analysis areas array atmospheric Azgir chemical explosions Comprehensive Test Ban conducted crustal CTBT decoupled explosions decoupled nuclear explosions depth detection detonated distance earthquakes effects energy explosions in salt Figure frequency fully decoupled geological Geophys Geophysics global hard rock hydroacoustic hydrophone IAEA identified infrasound Kazakhstan kiloton Laboratory magnitude mb(Lg measurements mining monitoring system N-tests Nevada Test Nevada Test Site Norsar Novaya Zemlya nuclear test nuclear weapons observed on-site inspections P-wave parameters phase propagation radioactive radionuclides range Rayleigh wave recorded regional Report Rockbursts Russian safeguards seismic events seismic monitoring seismic network seismic signals seismic source seismic stations seismic waves seismograms seismological Semipalatinsk test site source function Soviet Union surface wave tectonic teleseismic Test Ban Treaty test sites threshold tremors TTBT underground explosions underground nuclear explosions underground tests upper mantle USSR velocity verification