Monuments of the British Neolithic: The Roots of Architecture
The Neolithic or 'New Stone Age' is sometimes viewed as if it were some great spiritual period: a time of mysticism and astrology; a time when humans were more in tune with nature and the heavens; a time when humans understood, and were a part of, the natural order of things. It was not.
The Neolithic was the most fundamental period of change ever to occur within the history of human reliance upon hunting and gathering, and the origins of farming. It is characterised by the first major pieces of land clearance and the creation of territories, fixed settlements and monumental buildings. It was a revolution in every sense of the word.
By reassessing the monuments of the Neolithic - the enclosure, long mound, shaft, cursus, henge and stone circle - Miles Russell comes to some startling new conclusions about the origins of the modern world.
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the Neolithic and us
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adult animal bone appear artefacts articulated backfill bank barrow Billown Blackpatch body Britain Bronze Age building burial cairn chalk chamber circular structured mounds Cissbury comprised construction cultural cursus Darvill deposits disarticulated ditch circuit ditch fill dominate Dorchester-on-Thames Early Neolithic earthwork enclosure circuits enclosure ditches evidence excavation facade flint galleries Grimes Graves Hambledon Hill Harrow Hill Hazleton North henge human bone human remains hunter-gatherer internal interpreted land landscape linear structured mounds long barrows long mounds material Metres Miles Russell monumental architecture Neolithic architecture Neolithic enclosure Neolithic monumental Neolithic shafts North Marden Orkney outer ditch oval palisade pits portal dolmen possess postholes pottery pre-mound prehistoric primary phase radiocarbon rampart recorded recovered rectangular Redrawn represent round mounds rubble settlement significant Skara Brae skeleton skull South Downs stone uprights stone-structured mound Stonehenge suggest Sussex Archaeological Society timber circles tombs Trundle West Kennet whilst Whitehawk Windmill Hill