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adorned aisles altar ancient Apostles appears apse apsidal arch artist atrium baptistery basilica bishop building burial Byzantine Byzantine architecture Callistus catacombs cemetery chapels character Christ Christian period church ciborium Classic art clergy colonnade color columns common commonly Constantine Constantinian construction cross crypt custom dalmatic deacons decoration depicted dome dress earliest early Christian art emperor Empire Eucharist example expressly fact fifth century figure fish fourth century fresco garment Garrucci gold-glasses Greek illustrated inscriptions interest Jerusalem Joshua Roll Justinian lamps later Lateran Lateran Museum Liber Pontificalis marked martyrs mausoleum ments Middle Ages monogram monuments mosaic Moses nave niches orans origin paenula pagan pallium Peter presbyterium preserved Ravenna repre representation represented Roman Rome roof Rossi saints sarcophagus scenes sculpture second century Shepherd side sixth stone Storia subjects suppose symbol Syria tapestry themes third century tian tion tomb traditions tunic wall Wilpert worn
Page 196 - Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I shall fear no evil: for thou art with me ; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.
Page 177 - Susanna from false accusation, David from the hand of King Saul and from the hand of Goliath, Peter and Paul from prison, and Thecla from horrible torture.
Page 180 - But though \ve may apply the name "orans" in a general sense to portraits of the deceased and to representations of Biblical characters, it is used more specifically to denote the artistic symbol of the souls of the faithful departed. It is not always possible to draw a sharp line of distinction between the portrait orans and this symbolical abstraction...
Page 213 - Ichthus from the spring, the great, the pure, which the spotless Virgin caught and ever puts before the Friends to eat; she has also delicious wine, and she offers wine mixed with water together with bread. I, Abercius, dictated this to be written in my presence, and in fact in the seventy-second year of my life.
Page 213 - I, a citizen of an elect city, in my lifetime have erected this monument, to have where to place my body when time shall require it. " My name is Abercius, a disciple of the holy Shepherd who feeds his sheep upon the hills and plains, who has great FIG. IS. — Early Christian seals and rings, — the cross, the fish, the shepherd, the anchor, and the ship. eyes which see through all...
Page 39 - Verbi' composed of fifty thousand persons, associated with a view to procuring decent burial ? It seems more natural to believe that if after the death of Marcus Aurelius the Christian communities enjoyed long intervals of peace, if they succeeded in possessing real property of a conspicuous nature and considerable value, it is because they were tolerated and even recognized, without any legal fiction, as churches, as religious societies. Of legal fictions, of burial societies, of mysterious titles,...
Page 153 - ... the crowd. This ambon was so great that the singers found room beneath it; above, it was crowned by a row of columns bearing lamps. FURNITURE OF THE BAPTISTERY The arrangement of the baptistery requires but brief notice. A flight of steps descended into the round or polygonal font (piscina or fans), which was sunk beneath the level of the floor, and sometimes raised also somewhat above it by a breastwork of stone. The font was surrounded by a row of columns which supported curtains to insure...
Page 213 - My name is Abercius, a disciple of the holy Shepherd who feeds His sheep upon the hills and plains, who has great eyes which see through all, who taught me the sure learning of life, and sent me to Rome to see the royal city and the queen clad in a golden robe and with golden shoes. There I saw a people who had the gleaming seal. I saw also the plains of Syria and all cities, Nisibis, beyond the Euphrates. Everywhere I found fellow believers...