Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg and Hoffman

Front Cover
SAGE, Apr 23, 2003 - Philosophy - 299 pages
1 Review

Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg and Hoffman explores the nature of moral development, social behavior, and human interconnectedness. By comparing, contrasting, and going beyond the works of pre-eminent theorists Lawrence Kohlberg and Martin Hoffman, author John C. Gibbs addresses fundamental questions: What is morality? Can we speak validly of moral development? Is the moral motivation of behavior primarily a matter of justice or of empathy? Does moral development, including moments of moral inspiration, reflect a deeper reality?  

Moral Development and Reality elucidates the full range of moral development from superficial perception to a deeper understanding and feeling through social perspective-taking. Providing case studies and chapter questions, Gibbs creates a unique framework for understanding Kohlberg’s and Hoffman’s influential contributions.

 

 

 

What people are saying - Write a review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

role of nurturance p107

Contents

Introduction
1
Social Perspective Taking the Moral Point of View and Moral Evaluation
2
The Moral Domain
5
Introducing Chapters 2 Through 9
7
The Right and Moral Development Fundamental Themes of Kohlbergs CognitiveDevelopmental Approach
16
Early Childhood Superficiality
18
Beyond Centrations and Superficial Judgments
27
Stages of Moral Reciprocity
37
Individual Differences in Prosocial Behavior
116
Two Spurious Moral Exemplars
127
Understanding Antisocial Behavior
134
Limitations of Antisocial Youths
135
A Case Study
150
Treating Antisocial Behavior
158
The Mutual Help Approach
159
EQUIP and the Psychoeducational or Skills Training Approach
169

Assessing Stages of Immature and Mature Moral Judgment
48
Summarizing Comment
54
Kohlbergs Theory A Critique and New View
57
Background
58
Kohlbergs Overhaul of Piagets Phases
61
Adult Moral Development in Kohlbergs Theory
69
A New View of Life Span Moral Judgment Development
73
Conclusion
76
The Good and Moral Development Hoffmans Theory
78
The Empathic Predisposition
79
Modes of Empathic Arousal
81
Stages of Empathic Distress
85
The Empathic Predisposition Cognition and Affective Primacy
89
The Empathic Predisposition Socialization and Moral Internalization
99
Conclusion and Critique
107
Moral Development Moral SelfRelevance and Prosocial Behavior
111
A Rescue
112
Evaluation of the EQUIP Program
188
Perspective Taking for Severe Offenders
189
Beyond the Theories A Deeper Reality?
193
Two Case Studies
196
A Deeper Reality?
203
Moral Insight Inspiration and Transformation
217
Conclusion
225
Conclusion
228
Revisiting the Issue of Moral Motivation
231
Moral Perception and Reality
238
References
247
Appendix
277
Author Index
283
Subject Index
291
About the Author
299
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2003)

John C. Gibbs (Ph.D., Harvard University, 1972) is Professor of Developmental Psychology at The Ohio State University. Before moving to Ohio State, he worked with Lawrence Kohlberg from 1975 to 1979 as a research faculty member at the Harvard Graduate School of Education in the completion of Kohlberg's longitudinal moral judgment project. Dr. Gibbs' work on moral judgment assessment and on interventions with antisocial youth not only has seen widespread use in the United States but has also been translated and adapted for use in Germany, Italy, Taiwan, The Netherlands, and other countries. His EQUIP intervention program won the 1998 Reclaiming Children and Youth Spotlight on Excellence Award. He has served as a member of the Ohio Governor's Council on Juvenile Justice as well as the Social Cognitive Training Study Group of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Division of Violence Prevention). His previous books include Moral Maturity: Measuring the Development of Sociomoral Reflection (with Dick Fuller and Karen Basinger) and The EQUIP Program: Teaching Youth to Think and Act Responsibly Through a Peer-Helping Approach (with Arnold Goldstein and Granville Bud Potter). In addition to his books, Dr. Gibbs has authored or coauthored over 60 book chapters and articles pertaining to the topics involved in Moral Development and Reality.

Bibliographic information