More Time is Better: An Evaluation of the Full Time School Program in Uruguay
World Bank, Latin America and the Caribbean Region, Human Development Department, 2007 - Academic Year - 24 pages
This paper estimates the impact of the full-time school program in Uruguay on standardized test scores of 6th grade students. The program lengthened the school day from a half day to a full day, and provided additional inputs to schools to make this possible, such as additional teachers and construction of classrooms. The program was not randomly placed, but targeted poor urban schools. Using propensity score matching, the authors construct a comparable group of schools, and show that students in very disadvantaged schools improved in their test scores by 0.07 of a standard deviation per year of participation in the full-time program in mathematics, and 0.04 in language. While the program is expensive, it may, if well targeted, help address inequalities in education in Uruguay, at an increase in cost per student not larger than the current deficit in spending between Uruguay and the rest of the region.
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achievement tests additional ANEP average baseline better-off schools categorical variable Census classrooms closest neighbor coefficient comparison group comparison schools context quintiles converted to FTS cost David McKenzie dependent variable disadvantaged schools Evaluation of Learning excludes schools experience 1753 Father finished secondary fixed effects model Flewitt FTS program full sample full-time model full-time program full-time school program higher than 0.15 household Impact Evaluation included Learning Achievements March 2007 March Mathematics Mother completed primary Mother completed tertiary National Evaluation non-full time schools null hypothesis Obs Mean participating schools percent potential bias primary education program in Uruguay program schools propensity score matching propensity score model pupil questionnaire restrict the sample sample is restricted sample of schools School Auxiliary Buildings school characteristics school equipment schools that converted significant Sixth Grade socio-economic quintiles Spanish language Standard errors Student repeated summary statistics t-test Teacher experience teacher training test scores Tiempo Completo World Bank