Movement System Variability

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Human Kinetics, 2006 - Health & Fitness - 363 pages
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In the groundbreaking text, Movement System Variability, internationally known scientists synthesize the latest research in the study of variability in the human movement system and provide an in-depth, multi-disciplinary analysis for researchers in human movement sciences and related fields.

Movement System Variability's unique dynamic systems perspective in most chapters adds a new theoretical interpretation to the role of variability in movement behavior. A rich array of scientific disciplines is represented in the text to offer insights into the nature and role of variability observed at different levels of analysis.

Movement System Variabilityis organized into five parts:

-Behavioral Analysis of Variability in the Movement System

-Variability, Performance and Excellence

-Issues in Measurement

-Variability Across the Lifespan

-Variability Within Subsystems
This essential reference book provides fresh insights into the nature and function of variability. Just as important, it demonstrates how an understanding of variability can enhance the practice of educators, teachers, coaches, physiotherapists, and developmental specialists. This book is an ideal reference for researchers or students interested in the human movement sciences.

 

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Contents

Categories of Noise
10
Variability in Postural Coordination Dynamics
25
Nature of the Transitions Between Postural Coordination Patterns
44
Dynamic Systems Theory Applied to Sport Biomechanics
57
Concluding Remarks
69
Solutions to Movement Problems Can Be Generic and Yet Individual
77
Conclusion
83
Speed and Accuracy in Projectile Tasks
89
Variability in Early Infant Reaching
189
Variability and Selection in the Coupling of Information and Movement
196
Older Adults Exhibit Greater Variability in Motor Output From Trial to Trial
206
Changes in the Nervous System Alter Variability in Motor Output
212
Mechanical Properties of Muscles Reduce
219
Variability in Drop Landing
229
Conclusions
235
Contractile Properties
241

Speed and Variability in Throwing
95
Location of Ball Landing
101
Genetic and Environmental Constraints
109
Challenges of Deliberate Practice
116
Genetic Constraints on Physical Performance
119
A Case for Dynamic Systems Theory
129
Data Collection and Statistical Analysis
136
General Discussion and Implications
150
Dynamic Systems Concept of Variability in Movement
156
Clinical Relevance of Variability
164
Summary
181
Plasticity of Human Skeletal Muscles
249
Limbic Contributions to Intentional Action
255
Timing in the Awareness of Action
266
Variability of Brain Activity During Rhythmic
271
Coordinated Rhythmic Movements
277
Experiments and Experimental Results
285
Dominance of Descending Neural Activity
299
References
307
Index
351
About the Editors
363
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Keith Davids, PhD, is dean of the School of Physical Education at the University of Otago in New Zealand. He has taught and conducted research in the field of motor learning and control for 25 years. In addition, he has produced three books in this area and authored numerous chapters and articles for journals.

Davids has worked in higher education in both Europe and New Zealand. He is currently a co-editor of the International Journal of Sport Psychology and received a PhD in motor control from Leeds University, UK, in 1986.

Simon Bennett, PhD, has taught and conducted research in the field of motor control for over 10 years. He is a senior lecturer in Motor Control at Manchester Metropolitan University, UK, where he also serves as research team leader and laboratory director. Bennett received his PhD from Manchester Metropolitan University.

A few of Bennett's research interests include specificity of learning, coordination dynamics, information sources for interceptive actions, intermittent vision, ventral and dorsal processing, and observational learning. He has co-authored several chapters and articles for journals in this field.

Karl Newell, PhD, is associate dean for research and graduate education in the College of Health and Human Development at Penn State University. He has conducted a long-standing research program on the role of movement variability in motor control and has helped create a new way to think about movement variability.

Newell is former editor of the Journal of Motor Behavior and served as president of the North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity.

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