Moving Out of Poverty: The Promise of Empowerment and Democracy in India
World Bank Publications, May 13, 2009 - Social Science - 500 pages
'To take birth as a poor man itself is a big punishment. We are facing many difficulties and there is none to support us. We cannot die also. ... Our condition is like applying perfumed oil to mustache when there is no food to eat.' - Male focus group discussion, Appipuram, Andhra Pradesh India has experienced accelerating growth in the last 10 years, yet millions of Indians remain mired in poverty. Why? Most books on growth and poverty reduction are dominated by the perspectives of policy makers and academic experts. 'Moving Out of Poverty: The Promise of Empowerment and Democracy in India' brings together the voices of poor men and women from 300 villages across Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal, as it seeks to understand how these people have managed to escape poverty, while others remain stuck, and still others fall into poverty. The study explores the role of institutions such as family, markets and local panchayats, and factors such as aspiration, empowerment, social exclusion and conflict, health and asset accumulation, in explaining escape from poverty and falling into poverty.
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agricultural Anantapur Andhra Pradesh ANNEX TABLE Assam asset accumulation associated average bighas chronic poor collective action community poverty line context control over everyday corruption Dalits democracy depletion districts economic opportunities empowerment escape poverty everyday decisions factors farmers farming focus group growth health shocks high-MOP communities higher impact important improved income increased India indicators individual inequality initially poor irrigation labor land reform leave-out mean loans low-MOP communities mandal mobility groups move movement movers Narayan panchayat participation peace percent political poor people’s positive poverty reduction programs prosperity Raebareli regression reported responsiveness role rural sample scheduled castes sector self-help groups SHGs significant social capital social divisions Srikakulam statistically stories tion upward mobility Uttar Pradesh variables violence against women weights West Bengal World Bank