Mugged: Poverty in Your Coffee Cup
There is a crisis destroying the livelihoods of 25 million coffee producers around the world. The price of coffee has fallen by almost 50 per cent in the past three years to a 30-year low. Farmers sell at a heavy loss while branded coffee sells at a hefty profit. The coffee crisis has become a development disaster whose impacts will be felt for a long time.
Families dependent on the money generated by coffee are pulling their children, especially girls, out of school. They can no longer afford basic medicines, and are cutting back on food. Beyond farming families, coffee traders are going out of business. National economies are suffering and some banks are collapsing. Government funds are being squeezed dry, putting pressure on health and education and forcing governments further into debt.
The scale of the solution needs to be commensurate with the scale of the crisis. Oxfam is calling for a Coffee Rescue Plan to make the coffee market work for the poor as well as the rich. The plan needs to bring together the major players in coffee to overcome the current crisis and create a more stable market.
This accessible report, with illustrations and many visual aids, outlines the extent of the crisis in the coffee market and the reasons behind it, and presents a strategy for action.
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2002 Oxfam background agricultural alternative brands Brazil cent Central America cents/lb coffee beans coffee cherries coffee companies coffee crisis coffee exports coffee farmers coffee market coffee price Coffee Rescue Plan Coffee Sector coffee trade commodities consumer country crop Dak Lak province debt decent price decline developing countries donors E-mail Ethiopia export revenues Fair Trade families farming figure global governments green bean green coffee Guatemala Honduras impact income increased International Coffee Organisation jpip Kampala Kraft livelihoods long-term manage margins million bags Mpigi District Nestle oversupply Oxfam background research Oxfam Ireland Peru poor countries poor farmers poorest premium price of coffee problem processing Procter & Gamble producer countries profits retail price rich countries roast and ground Roaster companies robusta rural development Sara Lee scheme sell slump small farmers smallholders soluble coffee strategy tackle Trade coffee Uganda value chain Viet World Bank
Page 12 - ... work in 120 countries throughout the developing world: Oxfam America, Oxfam-in-Belgium, Oxfam Canada, Oxfam Community Aid Abroad (Australia), Oxfam Germany, Oxfam Great Britain, Oxfam Hong Kong, Intermon Oxfam (Spain), Oxfam Ireland, Novib (Oxfam Netherlands), Oxfam New Zealand, and Oxfam Quebec. Please call or write to any of the agencies for further information. Oxfam America 26 West St. Boston, MA 021 11-1206, USA Tel: 1.617.482.1211 E-mail: email@example.com www.oxfamamerica.org Oxfam...
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Page 6 - Plan is needed, to bring supply back in line with demand and to support rural development, so that farmers can earn a decent living from coffee. The plan needs to bring together the major players in coffee to overcome the current crisis and create a more stable market.
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Page 6 - Producer and consumer country governments establishing mechanisms to correct the imbalance in supply and demand to ensure reasonable prices to producers. Farmers should be adequately represented in such schemes.
Page 6 - The destruction of at least five million bags, as an immediate measure, to be funded by consumer governments and roaster companies.
Page 3 - Scheme, to be implemented towards the end of 2002, which aims to stop the export of coffee that falls below a certain quality.