Multicultural Dialogue: Dilemmas, Paradoxes, Conflicts
As cross-cultural migration increases democratic states face a particular challenge: how to grant equal rights and dignity to individuals while recognizing cultural distinctiveness. In response to the greater number of ethnic and religious minority groups, state policies seem to focus on managing cultural differences through planned pluralism. This book explores the dilemmas, paradoxes, and conflicts that emerge when differences are managed within this conceptual framework. After a critical investigation of the perceived logic of identity, indicative of Western nation-states and at the root of their pluralistic intentions, the author takes issue with both universalist notions of equality and cultural relativist notions of distinctiveness. However, without identity is it possible to participate in dialogue and form communities? Is there a way out of this impasse? The book argues in favor of communities based on nonidentitarian difference, developed and maintained through open and critical dialogue.
Randi Gressgard is Associate Professor at the Centre for Women's and Gender Research (SKOK), University of Bergen. She is also affiliated with the research unit IMER (International Migration and Ethnic Relations).
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Chapter 1 Dual Subjectivity and the Metaphysics of Purity
Chapter 2 Nonmodern Holism and Modern Totalitarianism
Chapter 3 Heterogeneity and the Singular Subject
Chapter 4 Consequences of Heterogeneity
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abstract According aporia argues argument assimilation autonomous subject Chapter cognitive communitas conceived concept conceptualisation constitute context conventional norms critical distance cultural distinctiveness cultural order cultural relativism denotes depicted difference differend dilemma discourse ethics discussion domination Dumont egalitarian emphasises entails equality and distinctiveness ethics ethnocentric evaluative standards experience Falzon freedom Gadamer Gadamer’s genres of discourse grand narratives Habermas heterogeneity hierarchical holistic honour killing ibid idea ideal identity immigrants impurity inclusive humanity individual integration Kant Kant’s Kögler Kymlicka lack language Lash Lash’s liberal liminality logic Lyotard Lyotard’s philosophy means metaphysical modern configuration modern ideology moral multicultural multicultural dialogue nature non-determinative non-modern norms Norwegian notion object ofthe one’s ontic ontological opposition paradox pertaining political possible postmodern presupposes principles question rational recognition relation relationship respect seeing-as simulacrum singular social spheres structures sublime subordination suggests Third Critique tion totalising totalitarianism truth understanding universal subject unpresentable values Vetlesen