Multimodality and Active Listenership: A Corpus Approach
Current corpora are invaluable resources for generating accurate and objective analyses of patterns of language use. However, spoken corpora are effectively mono-modal, presenting data in the same physical medium – text. The reality of a discourse situation is lost in its representation as text. Using multimodal data sets when conducting corpus-based pragmatic analyses is one solution. This book looks at multimodal corpora in some depth, using backchanneling as the conversational feature to be analysed. It provides a bottom-up investigation of the issues and challenges faced at every stage of multimodal corpus construction and analysis, as well as providing an in-depth linguistic analysis of a cross section of multimodal corpus data. The collaborative and co-operative nature of backchannels is highlighted in this book and an adapted pragmatic-functional linguistic coding matrix for the characterisation of backchanneling phenomena is presented. Dawn Knight also looks at possible directions in the construction and use of multimodal corpus linguistics.
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19 August Allwood analysis and/or annotation approach audio backchanneling behaviour backchanneling head nods backchanneling nods British English Cerrato Chapter CNV tokens co-occur communication concordancer concurrent nods concurrent spoken backchannels context conversation Conversation Analysis corpus development corpus-based deﬁned deﬁnition Deictics difﬁcult discourse Discourse Analysis discourse markers encoding English examining example excerpt explore feedback Figure ﬁndings forms of backchannels forms of gesticulation frequently function words gesture-in-talk gestures head movements identiﬁed integrated interaction Kendon kinesic KWIC language lexemes lexical forms linguistic research McNeill meaning Mediterranean Conference Centre metadata methodology monomodal multimodal corpora multimodal corpus linguistic nod types O’Keeffe and Adolphs Orestrom output participants pattems pragmatic prosodic proxemics range of different records relationship seen semantic semiotic sequences speaker speciﬁc speech spoken and non-verbal spoken forms structure supervision talk tool tracker tracking transcribed transcription type A nods ubiquitous University of Nottingham words y-axis yeah