Muslim Uyghur Students in a Chinese Boarding School: Social Recapitalization as a Response to Ethnic Integration
One of the most controversial policies in Chinese minority education concerns the so-called inland ethnic minority schools or classes in Han inhabited areas in China. Since 2000, boarding Xinjiang Classes have been established in the eastern cities of China for high school students from the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, in order to educate young Uyghur and other ethnic minority students through the national curricula. Although the Xinjiang Classes are supposed to promote ethnic integration between the Muslim Uyghur minority and the Han majority, there often remains a gap between the stated policy goal and its actual implementation. Guided by the theoretical framework of social capital analysis, this book therefore examines how Uyghur students in the Xinjiang Classes respond to the school goal of ethnic integration. Chen conceptualizes the process of Uyghur students' responses to the school goal of ethnic integration as social recapitalization. While their former social capital from families or communities in Xinjiang is constrained in the boarding school, Uyghur youths are able to develop independent and new social capital to facilitate their schooling. Nonetheless, they lack "bridging social capital," which makes the goal of ethnic integration more difficult to achieve.
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23 July academic analysis Bankston and Zhou Beijing boarding school bonding social capital Canteen for Ethnic China Chinese proficiency Coleman l988 curriculum dormitory eating utensils Edwards l999 enrollment ethnic group ethnic identity ethnic integration ethnic minority ethnic minority education ethnic minority groups Foley and Edwards foundation classes foundation grade gender goal of ethnic Han Chinese Han classes Hotan inland institutional resources institutional support interactions Interview JP School junior secondary schools Kashgar Kazak students linking social capital mainstream society min kao minzu Moreover Muslim norms and sanctions observation log peer networks percent political Portes l998 preferential process of social recapitalization relationships response senior students shaking hands social networks social structure southern Xinjiang Stanton-Salazar students in foundation Turpan Urumqi Uyghur boy Uyghur counselor Uyghur culture Uyghur education Uyghur ethnic Uyghur girl Uyghur language Uyghur students viewed on 23 Xinjiang Classes Xinjiang Students