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activity addition ampoule analysis Apollo Apollo 14 Apollo-Soyuz approximately ASTP astronauts atmosphere biological buffer cells Center changes collected color column consisted contained count cover crew crystal cultures demonstration detected detector determined direction Doppler Earth effects electrophoresis energy environment evaluation experiment experimental factors field Figure flight fluid function furnace gravity ground growth helium included increase indicated laboratory liquid materials measurements method mission module objective observed obtained occurred operation orbit particles percent performed period phase photographs position preliminary processing produced radiation range recorded region reported River Delta sample Science selected separation shown in figure shows Skylab Soyuz space spacecraft species specimens structure studies surface taken temperature thermal tion track transport unit values visual X-ray
Page xi - The 9-day flight marked the first time that manned spacecraft of two nations have met in space for joint engineering and scientific investigations. The principal objective of the project was to develop a compatible docking system and rendezvous and crew transfer procedures that might be appropriate for future international manned space missions. This objective was successfully accomplished. An additional objective of major importance was the program of scientific investigations conducted during the...
Page 28-3 - The production of continuous fibers in a eutectic mixture was attributed to the absence of convection currents in the liquid during solidification in space. Image transmission and optical transmittance measurements of transverse sections of the space-grown and Earth-grown ingots were made with a light microscope and a spectrometer.
Page 8-5 - A 0( is the line center wavelength of the ;-th fine structure component, m is the atomic mass of the gas species, c is the speed of light, and k is the Boltzmann constant. When u is the component of the atmospheric velocity along the light beam in the coordinate system in which the Apollo vehicle is at rest, tr(\) becomes The spectral parameters for the gases involved in this experiment are shown in table 8-1.
Page 16-12 - Alekseyeva, OG: Some Natural Immunity Factors and Cosmonaut Autoflora During the Training Period and Following the Flights of "Vostok," "Vostok 2," "Vostok 3,
Page 18-5 - RR; Spagnuolo, PJ; and Lentnek, A. L.: Inhibition of Granulocyte Adherence by Ethanol, Prednisone. and Aspirin, Measured With an Assay System. N. Engl. J. Med., vol.
Page 7-3 - ... cosmic ray flux is shielded by the Earth's magnetic field, and trapped proton effects are minimized by the low orbit. EQUIPMENT AND EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE The two assemblies shown in figures 7-1 and 7-2 were flown in the command module of the Apollo spacecraft during the Apollo-Soyuz mission. An Nal(Tl) crystal (fig. 7-1) physically identical to those flown on the Apollo 15 and 16 missions was used in this experiment. This assembly did not include the photomultiplier, the proton anticoincidence...
Page 16-1 - The purpose of the microbial exchange experiment (AR-002) was to evaluate components of the infectious disease process in space flight by measuring alterations in three factors: (1) the composition of the microbial populations inhabiting the crewmembers and spacecraft, (2) the ability of each crewmember's defense mechanism to resist infection, and (3) alterations in the ability of certain microorganisms to originate infections.
Page 13-1 - NASA Lyndon B Johnson Space Center Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Feb 1976 16 p refs CSCL 06P Light flashes caused by the interaction of cosmic particles with the visuar apparatus have been observed by astronauts on all space missions since Apollo 1 1 This Apollo Soyuz Test Project experiment compared measurements of the observer's visual sensitivity with measurements of the ambient radiation environment and with the frequency and character of the flashes observed The data obtained reveal a latitude dependence...
Page 14-1 - Earth, to study the influence of additional spaceflight factors, to obtain knowledge on the mechanism by which HZE particles damage biological materials, to get information on the spectrum of charge and energy of the cosmic ions in the spacecraft, and to estimate the radiation hazards to man in space.