NEWCAT: Parsing Natural Language Using Left-Associative Grammar

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 1, 1986 - Computers - 541 pages
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Contents

1 Leftassociative grammar
13
12 The irregular lefttoright order of constituent structure
16
13 Leftassociative versus categorial grammar
18
14 Leftassociative trees as structured lists
22
15 Parsing continuous text
27
2 Leftassociative parsing
33
22 Modularity and expansion of the grammar
36
23 The parsing history as linguistic analysis
41
B9 Passive in subordinate clauses
320
B10 Qpassives in subordinate clauses
326
B11 Multiple modal infinitives in main clauses
334
B12 Multiple modal infinitives in subordinate clauses
338
B13 Obligatory versus optional adverbs
347
B14 The preposition hinter in various constructions
352
B15 Adsentential clauses and adverbs in various positions
356
B16 Relative clause agreement
360

24 Parsing ungrammatical input
50
25 Some computational contrasts with other parsers
52
3 The category system of leftassociative grammar
57
32 Determinernoun agreement in DCAT
61
33 Adjective agreement in DCAT
65
34 Combining noun phrases and verbs in DCAT
70
35 Treating different kinds of noun phrases in DCAT
74
4 The local nature of possible continuations
95
42 Passive and other constructions with auxiliaries in DCAT
112
43 Centerembedded versus extraposed relative clauses in DCAT
124
44 Syntactic equivalence in leftassociative grammar
131
45 Remarks on the lexicon of leftassociative grammar
145
5 A leftassociative fragment of English
159
52 Combining noun phrases and verbs in ECAT
172
53 Passive and other constructions with auxiliaries in ECAT
188
54 Relative clauses in ECAT
198
55 Whinterrogatives in ECAT
207
Appendices
219
A1 The motor of a leftassociative parser
220
A2 The linguistic rules and rule packages
226
A3 Auxiliary functions of the linguistic rules
245
A4 Alphabetical list of DCATfunctions
249
A5 The definitions of DLEX
253
B A selection of DCAT test examples
273
B1 List of category segments used in DCAT and DLEX
274
B2 Declaratives with finite main verbs
276
B3 Declaratives with auxiliaries and nonfinite main verbs
280
B4 Declaratives with topicalized nonfinite verbs
285
B5 Various predicate constructions in declarative main clauses
291
B6 Various predicate constructions in subordinate clauses
298
B7 Passive constructions in declarative main clauses
302
B8 QPassives in declarative main clauses
313
B17 Sentential complements
373
B18 Infinitives with zu in main clauses
382
B19 Infinitives with zu in subordinate clauses
395
B20 Separable verbal prefixes
403
B21 Yesnointerrogatives
408
B22 Whinterrogatives
413
C A selection of ECAT test examples
425
C2 Active voice constructions using the verb give
429
C3 Passive voice constructions using the verb give
434
C4 Genitive constructions
440
C5 Auxiliaries taking noun phrases as the second argument
442
C6 Auxiliaries taking an adjective as the second argument
444
C7 Nominative agreement and the auxiliary be
445
C8 Yesnointerrogatives and related declaratives
448
C9 Whinterrogatives
455
C10 The interrogative determiner which
465
C11 Thatclauses
467
C12 Whinterrogatives with thatclauses
470
C13 Passives in subordinate clauses
474
C14 Relative clauses modifying sentence final noun phrases
479
C15 Relative clauses modifying midsentence noun phrases
486
C16 Relative clauses modifying sentence initial noun phrases
492
C17 The relative pronoun who as subject and object
495
C18 Mixing relative clauses and thatclauses
501
C19 Whinterrogatives with relative clauses
506
C20 Declaratives and interrogatives with Whmovement
508
C21 Subordinate clauses with and without complementizers
514
D List of computergenerated sample derivations
521
D2 The ECAT derivations
532
References
539
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Page 11 - ... is psychologically more natural: hearers often continue incomplete sentences, but nobody outside of linguistics has any cause to substitute constituents from one sentence into another.

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