NGO's and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Curious Grapevine

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Springer, Feb 2, 2001 - Political Science - 638 pages
When the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted 50 years ago, Eleanor Roosevelt, its principal architect, predicted that a 'curious grapevine' would carry its message behind barbed wire and stone walls. This book tells the extraordinary story of how NGOs became the 'grapevine' she anticipated - sharpening our awareness about the violations of human rights, 'shaming' its most notorious abusers and creating the international mechanisms to bring about implementation of the Declaration. Korey traces how NGO's laid the groundwork for the destruction of the Soviet empire, as well as of the apartheid system in South Africa, and established the principle of accountability for crimes against humanity. The notion of human rights has progressed from being a marginal part of international relations a half century ago to stand today as a critical element in diplomatic discourse and this book shows that it is the NGOs that have placed human rights at the centre of humankind's present and future agenda.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
NGOs and the UN Charter
28
NGO Rights and Limitations
51
CHAPTER 3 Silencing the NGOs at the UN
77
NGOs in the Struggle Against Apartheid
95
The AntiSlavery Society
117
The Pioneer International League for Human Rights
138
Amnesty International and the Prisoners of Conscience
159
Response of the NGO Community
307
Human Rights Watch Spans the Globe
339
The High Commissioner of Human Rights and the Blaustein Institute
368
Minority Rights Ethnic Tensions and Conflict Prevention
397
CHAPTER 17 The Unexplored Continent of Physician Involvement in Human Rights
423
Freedom Houses Changing Priorities
443
CHAPTER 19 Asian Values vs The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
468
CHAPTER 20 Lobbying for the Rule of Law
493

Congress the Struggle for Human Rights and the NGO Factor
181
The Struggle for Genocide Treaty Ratification
203
NGOs and the Helsinki Process
229
NGOs and the Revolution in UN Human Rights Implementation Machinery
249
Vienna 1993
273
CHAPTER 21 Recapturing the Spirit of Nuremberg
521
Notes
547
Bibliography
597
Index
627
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

WILLIAM KOREY is a prolific writer of articles for popular and scholarly journals, and for newspapers such as The Washington Post. He is the author of several books, including The Promises We Keep: Human Rights, the Helsinki Process and American Foreign Policy (SMP 1993).

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