Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka: A Philosophical Introduction
Oxford University Press, 2009年2月23日 - 256 頁
The Indian philosopher Acharya Nagarjuna (c. 150-250 CE) was the founder of the Madhyamaka (Middle Path) school of Mahayana Buddhism and arguably the most influential Buddhist thinker after Buddha himself. Indeed, in the Tibetan and East Asian traditions, Nagarjuna is often referred to as the "second Buddha." His primary contribution to Buddhist thought lies is in the further development of the concept of sunyata or "emptiness." For Nagarjuna, all phenomena are without any svabhaba, literally "own-nature" or "self-nature," and thus without any underlying essence. In this book, Jan Westerhoff offers a systematic account of Nagarjuna's philosophical position. He reads Nagarjuna in his own philosophical context, but he does not hesitate to show that the issues of Indian and Tibetan Buddhist philosophy have at least family resemblances to issues in European philosophy.
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Abhidharma absence assert assume bare particular beginning of motion Blo bzang grags Buddhist Candrakīrti causal field causal relation cause and effect chapter claim cognitive conceive concept constitute context deny dependence relations dependent origination difficulty discussion distinct entails entities epistemology essence-svabhāva essential establish example existential dependence existing by svabhāva fact fire four alternatives Garfield independently existent individual instantiated interpretation intrinsic kha pa Blo language ma yin Madhyamaka Mādhyamika mahābhūtas Matilal means and objects means of knowledge mereological mover moving Nāgārjuna argues Nāgārjuna’s arguments Nāgārjuna’s opponent Naiyāyika nature Nyāya object of knowledge objects existing ontological particular perception phenomena philosophical possible prasajya-negation presently traversed presupposition primary existents problem refer refutation regarded rejection Ruegg Sarvāstivādin self-causation semantics sense Siderits space specific statement substance substance-svabhāva śūnyatā svabhāva temporal relations tetralemma theory thesis things third alternative Tibetan Tillemans tion Tsong kha universal emptiness verse Yogācāra