Najdi Arabic: Central Arabian
The region of Najd in Central Arabia has always been regarded as inaccessible, ringed by a belt of sand deserts, the Nafud, Dahana and the Rub' al-Khali and often with its population at odds with the rulers of the outer settled lands. It is however the centre of a purely Arabian culture based on a partnership between bedouin camel husbandry and settled palm cultivation. Possibly as a result of overpopulation the bedouin have periodically spread over into the lands of the Fertile Crescent. Because of their isolated position the Najdi dialect is of a very interesting and archaic type showing very little non-Arabic influence, which has led to the reputation of the Arabian bedouin as preservers of the original Classical form and considerable prestige being attached to the Najdi type. Consequently the region is a powerhouse of dialect influence so that Najdi based dialects are spoken all along the Gulf Coast and throughout most of the Syrian Desert.
Interest in these dialects has led to a number of recent studies of their oral literature and of the morphology and phonology. Ingham's work concentrates on the grammatical system, syntax and usage and is based on a number of trips to the region over the last fifteen years. The data base includes bedouin oral narrative, ordinary conversation and radio plays.
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1 Najd and the Najdi dialects
4 Sentence structure
5 The noun phrase structure
6 Number and gender
7 The verb transitivity system
8Tense aspectand aktionsart
9 Modality in the sentence
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Abu Hajus active participle adjectives Ajmān Aktionsart al-Hasa allah alternātive and-I Arabia ba'ad bedouin bēt broken plural camels cān Central Najdi change of stāte Classical Arabic concord conditional clause consonant context Dhafir elements English examples feāture feminine plural feminine singular function gender ğid hāl clause heard Hussah illa imperfective indicātive informātion Ingham Intransitive Jabal Shammar jussive kisar kūd Mahmud main clause marked marker masculine meaning Measure modal morphology Murrah Najd Najdi Arabic Najdi dialects Northern noun occur Oh-father H particle passive past reference perfective phonology phrase physical action precedes prefix present pronoun suffix rajjal rāther reference point regarded relātionship Riyadh root semantic sentence Shammar stem structure Sudair suffix syllable syntactic Syrian desert thāt Topic-Comment Transitive translāted treāted Unaizah verb verbal form vowel w-ana whāt wila word ya-bu yōm