Naming the Land: San Identity and Community Conservation in Namibia's West Caprivi
1. Introduction and methodology: Objectives and structure; Research methods. 2. Identity, authority and CBNRM: Community based natural resource management (CBNRM) in Southern Africa; Maps, power-knowledge and representation. 3. Differentiating 'Bushmen' from 'Bantus' : identity in West Caprivi, 1930-198: Ethnic relations and socio-political change in the pre-colonial and early colonial periods;State contributions to the construction of ethnicity, 1930-1989; Veterinary control, border guards and political authority; The Khwe military identity; Conclusion. 4. The politics of land, leadership and identity 1990-2006: Struggles over land, leadership and natural resources since independence; Impoverishment and exclusion among the Khwe; Chief Mbambo and the Khwe traditional authority; Ethnic contestations over land: the case of N//goavaca campsite; Tracing political exclusion: discourses on Khwe 'Subversion'; The secessionist movement and the Angolan war; Ethnicity, authority and NGO : recipes for 'Tribalism'; Conclusion. 5. Chiefs, chairmen and the politics of CBNRM, 1995-2006: Possibility and disillusion : the rise of CBNRM; CBNRM, traditional authorities and the politics of hunting, 2006; Keeping Kyaramacan out of ethnic 'politics': NGO-government relations; Conclusion. 6. CBNRM meets copuntermapping: Khwe-NGO mapping, 1998-2006: Indigenous rights, environmental discourses, and mapping technologies; Mapping West Caprivi : exclusion, visibility and 'Depoliticisation';Conclusions. Conclusion: San, NGOs and the state: Khwe relationships with the state; Khwe relationships to NGOs; NGO relationships with the state; CBNRM and mapping, governmentality and visibility; The problem of 'indigeneity': implications for NGO policy and CBNRM; Mapping, ethnicity and NGO approaches in Ngamiland, Botswana ;The future. Timeline of the evolution of CNBRM in Namibia --Key policy and legal instruments for CBNRM in Namibia.
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actors Angola apartheid argues Boden Botswana Bushmen Bwabwata Caprivian CBNRM CBNRM projects Chetto CKGR claims colonial Community Game Guards construction contestations countermapping depoliticising Discussion environmental discourses ethnic identities exclusion Geographic Information Systems governmentality headmen implications indigenous rights interests Interview IRDNC IRDNC staff Jones Julie Taylor Kalahari Katima Mulilo Kavango Khomani Khwe and Mbukushu Khwe Chief Khwe identity Khwe–Mbukushu Kongola Kyaramacan Association land and natural legibility legitimacy Letloa mapping project marginalisation Mashambo meeting MET’s Ministry mobilised Murphree Mutc’iku Muyatwa N//goavaca Namibia National Park Natural Resource Management Ngamiland Ngobara NGOs Omega organisations people’s Plate programme recognised region relationships Report representatives role Rousset rural SADF San groups settlement Shakawe social socio-political South Africa southern Africa state’s strategies struggles subversion SWAA SWAPO technologies tion TOCaDI Traditional Authority trophy hunting Trust West Caprivi Whilst wildlife WIMSA Windhoek